Humanistic Psychology Essay

1403 words - 6 pages

Overview:
Throughout history many individuals and groups have affirmed the inherent value and dignity of human beings. They have spoken out against ideologies, beliefs and practices, which held people to be merely the means for accomplishing economic and political ends. They have reminded their contemporaries that the purpose of institutions is to serve and advance the freedom and power of their members. In Western civilization we honor the times and places, such as Classical Greece and Europe of the Renaissance, when such affirmations were expressed.
Humanistic Psychology is a contemporary manifestation of that ongoing commitment. Its message is a response to the denigration of the human spirit that has so often been implied in the image of the person drawn by behavioral and social sciences.
Ivan Pavlov's work with the conditioned reflex had given birth to an academic psychology in the United States led by John Watson, which came to be called "the science of behavior”. Its emphasis on objectivity was reinforced by the success of the powerful methodologies employed in the natural sciences and by the philosophical investigations of the British empiricists, logical positivists and the operationalists, all of who sought to apply the methods and values of the physical sciences to questions of human behavior. Valuable knowledge was achieved in this quest. But if something was gained, something was also lost: The "First Force" systematically excluded the subjective data of consciousness and much information bearing on the complexity of the human personality and its development.
The "Second Force" emerged out of Freudian psychoanalysis and the depth psychologies of Alfred Adler, Erik Erikson, Erich Fromm, Karen Horney, Carl Jung, Melanie Klein, Otto Rank, Harry Stack Sullivan and others. These theorists focused on the dynamic unconscious - the depths of the human psyche whose contents, they asserted, must be integrated with those of the conscious mind in order to produce a healthy human personality. The founders of the depth psychologies believed that human behavior is principally determined by what occurs in the unconscious mind. So, where the behaviorists ignored consciousness because they felt that its essential privacy and subjectivity rendered it inaccessible to scientific study, the depth psychologists tended to regard it as the relatively superficial expression of unconscious drives.
"An assumption unusual in psychology today is that the subjective human being has an important value which is basic; that no matter how he may be labeled and evaluated he is a human person first of all, and most deeply."

Humanistic View of Human Behavior:
Humanistic psychology is a value orientation that holds a hopeful, constructive view of human beings and of their substantial capacity to be self-determining. It is guided by a conviction that intentionality and ethical values are strong psychological forces, among the basic...

Find Another Essay On Humanistic Psychology

Abraham Maslow: Founder of Humanistic Psychology and His Contribution to Early Child Education

723 words - 3 pages ). Next, he began teaching at Brooklyn College, where he met people like Adler, Horney, Fromm, Gestalt, and many Freudian psychologists (Boeree, 2011). Finally, he transferred to Brandeis University where he served as the chair of the psychology department and began his campaign for humanistic psychology (Boeree, 2011). As his life progressed, he spent his retirement in California. On June 8, 1970, he died of a heart attack after many years of

Approaches to Clinical Psychology Essay

686 words - 3 pages groups, sensitivity training, marital and family therapies, body work, and the existential psychotherapy of Medard Boss.[1] Existential-integrative psychotherapy, developed by Kirk Schneider (2008), is a relatively new development within humanistic and existential therapy. Humanistic psychotherapy is also studying ones values and intentions. "the term "human psychology" was in general use. It reflected many of the values expressed by the Hebrews, the

Maslows hierarchy of needs

845 words - 4 pages part of his humanistic theory of psychology which is still referred to today in both psychology and human ideals. Abraham Maslow, the twentieth century psychologist, studied humans with a positive outlook to the range of possibilities they have. Maslow was studied in psychoanalysis and behaviorism theories of psychology but was “repulsed by the negative implications…for human potential” which spurred his “humanistic approach to psychology

The Diverse Nature of Psychology

1099 words - 5 pages The Diverse Nature of Psychology Shauna Carton Psy 490 May 13, 2014 Lena Klumper The Diverse Nature of Psychology The American Psychological Association has identified 54 divisions within the field of psychology (Plante, 2011). Each division has stemmed from one of the seven major perspectives: psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic, cognitive, sociocultural, biological, and evolutionary. This diversity within psychology, allows

Psychology as a pradigm

1803 words - 8 pages , isomorphism, this perceptual phenomena proposed by gestalt psychologist was only explained as the whole could not be reduced further into a collection of sensory elements (Locurto, 2013). They were criticized for being descriptive, rather than informative in the studies (Locurto, 2013). One of the more recently developed fields of psychology, humanistic psychology, can also provide evidence as to what may lead an individual to believe that

Critically discuss the usefulness of the three individual 'visions' of social psychology when applied to understanding any one of the characters in Book 1

1642 words - 7 pages tell us? Is human behaviour measurable and therefore predictable and can social psychology be able to change or influence behaviour? How is human behaviour best studied? Experimental social psychologists adopt the role of the natural scientist and use quantitative research methods to further our understanding. The humanistic viewpoint emphasises the actual lived experience of persons and believe this to be a more useful practice towards

Maslow's Good To Know

1014 words - 5 pages -Actualization Theory Maslow was a founder and forefather of a major school of thought in Psychology which is Humanistic Psychology. Maslow’s research and understanding of humans and the way we work and function were based majorly on personality and the theory of it. Maslow had strongly believed that each person is cable of obtaining self-actualization which is the highest form one can obtain. Maslow could come up with many relevant questions to

Success

545 words - 2 pages known as both a theory and a therapy.The humanistic approach in psychology refers to an entire individual, or a whole person. Humanistic psychologists not only are concerned with the view point of an outside person, but also the view point on the person doing the behaving. . Humanism was introduced in 1943 when Maslow developed a hierarchy theory of human motivation. Some psychologists believe that the behavior of one person relies on their self

Humanistic Theory vs. Evolutionary Theory

1594 words - 6 pages hand humanistic believes that personality is flexible and is resilient throughout their life. Works Cited (Feldman, 2009; Pg. 401) (Feldman, 2009; Pg. 401) (Feldman, 2009; Pg. 401-402) (Feldman, 2009; Pg. 401-402) ¬Essentials of Understanding Psychology, 8th Edition Robert S. Feldman McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2009 Pages 8-9, 64-65, and 328

The Origins of Psychology

1486 words - 6 pages awareness. (Feist and Rosenberg) According to Freud, childhood events shape the way we behave as adults and because of this much of human behavior is an effect of our unconscious thoughts and past experiences. Psychoanalysis was developed as both a theory and a therapy that inspired psychologists to come to develop other psychodynamic theories. (Mcleod) There are seven major perspectives of modern psychology; psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic

Humanistic and Social Development

1256 words - 5 pages education. In addition, there are theorists that have supported both the humanistic and social development models. Carl Rogers dedicated himself to humanistic psychology, and actually established the theory of personality development. This theory states that each person has within them the inherent tendency to continue to grow and develop. As a result of this the individual’s self-esteem and self-actualization is continually influenced. This

Similar Essays

Humanistic Psychology Essay

2255 words - 10 pages that a new perspective is necessary, a way to see the world and ourselves anew, in order to break from negative ideas about human nature, improve our mental health, and ultimately self-actualize. The goal of humanistic psychology is to address these struggles of the mind and to become an alliance to the solution, through techniques such as empowerment and positive regard. The theory begins with the assumption that people have free will, that they

Overview Of Humanistic Psychology Essay

1678 words - 7 pages Humanistic Psychology is a psychological perspective that highlights the study of a person in whole. These psychologist look at human behavior not just through the eyes of the viewer, but also through the eyes of the client that has the behavior. These psychologist believe that an individual's behavior is associated to his or her intimate feelings and their self image. Humanistic psychologist accepts human beings are not just a commodity of the

Human Nature According To Psychoanalysis And The Humanistic Psychology

1649 words - 7 pages Human Nature According to Psychoanalysis and the Humanistic Psychology As Carl Jung stated “ As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light of

What Is Humanistic Psychology And Why Is It Called The Third Force In Psychology?

1878 words - 8 pages Humanistic psychology is best understood as a reaction to two other early psychological approaches. The first, psychodynamic, was developed by Sigmund Freud as a way of investigating and understanding the human mind (1). Sigmund Freud was the first to suggest that much of our behaviour was perhaps influenced by unconscious desires, which he theorised during his work as a neurological consultant at a children's hospital in Vienna (2). Freud