Idealism And Its Struggles To Exist

2185 words - 9 pages

Idealism is difficult to practice in an everyday setting; it is especially hard in a political sense. This paper will discuss several aspects of idealism and its struggles to exist.
Introduction
Idealism is the attitude of a person who believes that it is possible to live according to very high standards of behavior [Def. 1]. (n.d.). What does that mean exactly? Idealism is the belief of perfection, living by standards or ideals. Idealists believe that the world is a perfect place and that life is fair for everyone. But the commonly known phrase “life isn’t fair so get used to it” ~Bill Gates tells the truth, that life isn’t perfect or fair no matter how hard anyone tries to make it that way. Idealism in politics is not trying to make the government itself perfect, but to make the policies of government efficient.
History
In 1789 the French Revolution began. The revolution caused subjects such as science and philosophy to increase. Due to the increase of philosophy idealist such as Gottfreid Leibniz, John Locke, and George Berkeley were able to get people to listen to their ideas and try to follow their ideas through. If the revolution and the increase of learning none of the previously mentioned idealists would have been able to get their ideas across and no one would have tried to execute them.
Idealists in History
Idealism comes from the Greek word ιδέα (idea). Plato was the first known realist and takes the title of father of idealism (William, 1999). Plato was a Greek Philosopher. Plato was a student of Socrates and he taught Aristotle. Plato studied political philosophy, cosmology, theology, and the philosophy of language (Plato, 2014). Plato made idea a technical term in philosophy. According to Plato the visible world is simply just a copy of a supersensible (beyond perception by the senses), intelligible, and an ideal world. Plato states that idealism can only be understood by people of intellect, it does not exist, and nor can it cease to exist. In mediaeval philosophy idealism is defined as an idea that comes from the mind of God, which means that ideas do not come from the human mind but from God’s (Acton, H., 2006).
The First person to use idealism as a philosophical term was Gottfried Leibniz in the 18th century. Gottfried Leibniz was born in Leipzig Germany in 1646. He was a German philosopher; he was also a mathematician, a political advisor, logician, and a metaphysician (Brandon C. Look, 2014). Leibniz used the word idealism in his book Réponse aux réflexions de Bayle (written in 1702). In Leibniz book he criticizes people such as Thomas Hobbes and Epicurus who believe that the soul is material. Leibniz states in his book "whatever of good there is in the hypotheses of Epicurus and of Plato, of the greatest materialists and the greatest idealists is combined here". The previous statement Leibniz wrote simply means that "idealist" philosophers uphold anti-materialist metaphysics such as Plato and himself. Metaphysics...

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