Imperialism: China And Japan Essay

1242 words - 5 pages

Resisting modernization by western powers for nearly a century, China was left inferior compared to western technologies, which Japan had instead embraced. Japan was imperialized early on, and it acclimated to the new machinery and made them their own. With this newfound power and technology, it also became an imperialistic country. They began to seize additional territory, and soon advanced into China. Unable to defend themselves from the superior Japanese capabilities, China had to cede parts of its lands and open its ports for an indefinite amount of time. In China, the Japanese spearheaded imperialism that had many benefits, such as stabilizing politics, opening the economy, and bringing new ideas to society; however, since it created biased politics, unequal economic opportunities, and an oppressive society, Japanese imperialism became more costly to China than beneficial.
Japanese imperialist influences led to stabilized, yet it biased politics in China. In a grab for power, nobles attempted to dominate China for themselves. When Japan entered China with its exceptional manpower and weapons, they prevented the nobles from doing so. In the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Japan forced China to cede Korea, pay war indemnities, and open numerous ports (Hangzhou, Suzhou, and Chongqing,) while ending the attempts for power. However, seeing Japan’s progress through the adoption of western technologies, the Chinese formed political clubs like the followers of Guang Xu, which debated approaches to reform. Japan also exerted control over the ruling class and politicians, demanding that they work together and help preserve the crumbling local governments. Nonetheless, the stabilization brought consequences. The influence of the Japanese created biased politics, eroding the trust of the people. Japanese political powers compelled Chinese politicians to agree with them, and forced the government to assist Japanese funded companies, as written in the 21 Demands. In the Sino-Japanese Friendship and Trade Treaty, Japan also offered money and power in exchange for relaxed policies. Through these actions, Japan forced China into biased politics and created unfair treatment.
With its experience, Japan opened China to greater trading opportunities and a world class economy, while still making sure it was the dominant power. Japan brought useful western technologies, such as the HuQing pharmaceutical factories. This opened new markets for China, and brought in a flow of money. Japan also modernized China’s infrastructure by installing trains and electricity like the China Eastern Railways. These modern conveniences nurtured an increase in the exchange of ideas and an expansion of the economy. As an already established world authority, Japan was able to bring other western nations and their trading power along with them. Other countries, including the United States and Russia, were able to secure a place in China, and assisted in improving the economy....

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