India´S Energy: Biomass Cooperatives Essay

3224 words - 13 pages

A portion of growing energy needs of India can be satisfied by utilizing the biomass residues generated by the agricultural activities and growing energy plantations in wastelands. Using this biomass does not violate any climate or sustainability ethics and could generate rural employment. Due to any sort of energy crisis if large scale demand for biomass develops, instead of waste biomass, the greeneries currently being used as fodder and other inputs used in rural industries might be diverted. The existence of proper logistical network is mandatory to face any long term and large scale biomass requirement and also to replace the unsustainable usage of wood by rural population. By creating a structure of biomass cooperatives for collection, densification, transporting and distribution, the biomass energy potential could be efficiently tapped and used. In this paper a two stage hub and spoke model is proposed for collection, briquetting and usage of biomass. Even without any demand from large scale power generation setup, the biomass cooperatives could effectively function by satisfying the needs of existing rural industries and household needs. The biomass briquetting cooperatives will act as an intermediate transient stage to leapfrog to large scale sustainable biomass energy utilization by agricultural India.
1. INTRODUCTION
India is an agrarian economy till date. Around 70% of its population lives in villages, agriculture is their main work, they are poor and lack basic facilities like electricity[1]. The rural population depends on firewood and other biomass for their house hold energy needs and they know it is inconvenient but it is the cheapest option, most of the times it is free [2]. Though the population of the country is growing cultivated area is declining. Due to migration to cities there is labor shortage in villages and labor intensive crops are neglected [3]. Hence there is shortage of food stuff production and many items are imported, particularly pulses [4] and edible oil. The country is growing due to the development of service and manufacturing industries, but still the rate of poverty reduction very slow and regional disparity is high[5]. The rural poor lack access to education and technical skills and the government is not in a position give enough jobs to people who leave agriculture. Even if people are ready to work in industries due to skill mismatch most of the rural poor cannot be redeployed in the newly developing industries. The industrialization processes are severely intruding into the life of rural population and alienate them in their own place even at this slow growth rate. Any new project which involves the rural economy should be sustainable and accommodative. Silvio Hamacher et al who studied Brazilian Biodiesel Program conclude that the proposals which do not include the farming families should be rejected even if they are economical. For accepting them social inclusion and income...

Find Another Essay On India´s Energy: Biomass Cooperatives

First and Second generation biomass materials for production of biofuels

1167 words - 5 pages increased by about 8%. From year to year, emissions can rise and fall due to changes in the economy, the price of fuel, and other factors. In 2011, U.S. greenhouse gas emissions decreased compared to 2010 levels (EPA). Scientists are trying to find reliable fuel sources that are clean, cheap and sustainable. Although biomass has been around for thousands of years, biomass has now become a more prevalent trending topic in the energy world. Scientists

PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT IN SCREW TYPE BIOMASS BRIQUETTE MANUFACTURING BY PLANNING DOWNTIME

1365 words - 6 pages forestry wastes, wood processing wastes like saw dust and invading species like prosopis Juliflora which have high productivity and fuel value index [5]. Further there is increasing shortage of coal and other fossil fuels in India which already imports about 75% of its crude [6]. Biomass is a potential supplement if not total replacement of fossil dependence. Still the potential impacts of biomass energy on environmental and socio-economic systems

Biomass Energy; Biofuels

940 words - 4 pages In the 1860's, wood was the number one fuel for heating and cooking in homes and businesses, and was used for steam in industries, trains, and boats. By the 1900's, Ethanol was competing with gasoline to be the fuel for cars. By the 1970's, Some Americans used more wood for heating because of higher energy costs. Some industries switched from coal to waste wood. The paper and pulp industry also began to install wood and black liquor boilers for

Renewable Energy - Choices for Tomorrow Objective of the survey: • To know how much people are aware of the Renewable Resources. • To know how many people know the uses of Renewable Resources

4226 words - 17 pages capacity in the field of renewable energy source. The country has an estimated renewable energy potential of around 85,000 MW from commercially exploitable sources: Wind, 45,000 MW; small hydro, 15,000 MW and biomass/bio-energy, 25,000 MW. In addition, India has the potential to generate 35MW per square km using solar photovoltaic and solar thermal energy. In July 2009, India unveiled a $19 billion plan, Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar

PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT IN SCREW TYPE BIOMASS BRIQUETTE MANUFACTURING BY PLANNING DOWNTIME

1334 words - 6 pages institutions for their vital support. Works Cited [1] Antoine Milhau, Abigail Fallot, Assessing the potentials of agricultural residues for energy: What the CDM experience of India tells us about their availability, Energy policy, Volume 58, July 2013, Pages 391-402. [2] S.C. Bhattacharya, P. Abdul Salam, Hu Runqing, H.I. Somashekar, D.A. Racelis, P.G. Rathnasiri, Rungrawee Yingyuad, An assessment of the potential for non-plantation biomass resources

A comparison of two types of renewable energies in China: hydro energy and biomass energy, in order to determine the most suitable for China’s future

1860 words - 7 pages ). Therefore it is required to develop renewable energy sustainability at the present, because in the future it could be too late. There are huge amount of distinct varieties of renewable energy types: biomass energy, solar energy, hydro energy, wind power, geothermal energy. In addition, China has big opportunities to produce bioenergy (biomass energy) and hydro energy, because they are some of the highest significant renewable energy sources in

alternative energy

741 words - 3 pages One day in the future of America alternative energies can be used as the leading source of all fuels. They are a different way for Americans to become more environmentally friendly while using it as an alternative way of energy to power our everyday objects. Three types of alternative energies that show the most promise for people are solar power, biomass, and hydro power. Research has shown that solar energy will be the most

Opportunities for Biomass Production in Cambodia

529 words - 2 pages Science, University of Joensuu, Finland References 1. Abe, H., Katayama, A., P.Sah, B., Toriu, T., Samy, S., Pheach, P., and et al. (2007) Potential for rural electrification based on biomass gasification in Cambodia. Journal of Biomass and Bioenergy 31: 656–664 2. Cambodia Energy Sector Strategy (Draft) http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/cambodia/energy.pdf 3. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 2008 .The World Factbook

Assess The Potential Of Three Sources Of Renewable Energy As Alternatives To Using Fossil Fuels

1793 words - 7 pages recommendation of substituting solar and biomass energy for fossil fuels is worth a try in developing nations. In this case, wind power seems to have less opportunity in contrast to solar power and biofuels to achieve substantial status to be the current market leaders especially in the developing countries. Reference List: Aringhoff, R; Brakmann, G; Geyer,M & Teske, S. (2005), Concentrated Solar Thermal Power- Now! Greenpeace Press. Eitzen, D.S & Zinn

Biofuels, something to invest or something to fear?

1513 words - 7 pages fuels to developing countries arguing that the risks by far outweigh the potential benefit. Biofuels are ‘’liquid or gaseous fuels for the transport sector that are predominantly produced from biomass.’’ (Demirbas, 2008). At the heart of that definition is the logic of creating fuel for use in motorised vehicles which is derived from organic matter (mostly sugarcane in Brazil, corn in USA, Jatropha plant seeds in India and many others). Creating

alternative energy

1528 words - 7 pages treating of the waste quickly become a serious issue. Biomass which use garbage or waste as its sources to generate electricity make it been introduced in some of the country such as India and Japan to meet the energy requirement .Furthermore, it also can solve the problem of increasing waste disposal. One of the distinct characteristics of biomass energy is it can be used for stable electricity generation in any weather and any time of the day

Similar Essays

Biomass: Which Energy Resource(S) Should Be Developed For The Future? To Support Your Choice(S), Discuss Use, Cost, Supply, Net Useful Energy Yield, And Environmental Impact

1014 words - 4 pages For my choice of what kind of resource should be developed I would pick Biomass. We have been using this kind of energy long before the use of fossil fuels, in the past people used wood from the forest to build their homes and even to cook.We define biomass as the energy from organic matter. The Earth is full of this natural and renewable resource of energy. If we learn how to develop this kind of energy, in a future not too far, we can

Biomass Briquetting Plants Essay

1795 words - 8 pages 1000 rural jobs are created per MW of power generation. The benefits of biomass briquetting network can be better utilized if it is used for rural household and industrial needs preventing the destruction of forests by replacing wood. Works Cited [1] Office of the Registrar General & Census Commission India (ORGC India), Rural Urban Population Distributions, 2001 Census. [2] T.Blenkinsopp, S.R.Coles, K.Kirwan, Renewable energy for rural

Development Of Biomass Supply Chain Framework In The Model Of Milk Cooperatives

1017 words - 5 pages hectare is needed. ) 1unit of electric energy = 1KWhr =3600KJ. Fuel Cost for one unit of electricity = (2600/3200*1000)*3600= 2.925= ` 3 approximately 6. CONCLUSIONS The above said model can serve as a basic model and it should be tested on a trial basis and necessary changes can be adopted to make it a dynamic model which is scalable and implementable without much modification all over India. For the sake of fitting real conditions to

Categorization Of Biomass Material, Pollution Forming Mechanism And Health Impacts In Developing Countries.

3053 words - 12 pages Introduction Biomass energy is important renewable source of energy that is derived from either living or organisms that were in existence recently. This energy source is used in dual purposes; to be used directly with the process of combustion to produce heat or through indirect means after its conversion into different forms of biofuels. The focus of our project would be usage of Biomass energy through mainly combustion process in the