Industrial Sociology : Study The Effect Of Industry On The Family And The Condition Of Women? Are These Effects Desirable Or Undesirable?

1413 words - 6 pages

Introduction.Since early history and the ancient civilization of man, women have played a secondary role, in which women were and still are viewed as less then a man. A women's role in society was that of raising children, and duties surrounding the household. But things have changed and after industrialization women also had to work to survive and be able to afford the basic necessities, and today women are there in every field competing with men be it any profession Doctor, lawyer they are there.As we can see it is chain the role of women changed so did the family values and the overall perception and as women went out to work they had fewer children this led to rise of nuclear families. Life is going at a faster pace, there is more awareness of things with different medias like TV, radio etc. this brings a rebellious sibling which feels superior to his parents or elders who are according to him backward or ignorant.Text.We will study the effects in two separate categories one will be the impact on women after industrialization with reference to Asia and the other will be the effect of the same on Family:-Effects of Industrialization on the Status of Women: This is not very straight forward as India is a vast country where the role of women has shown a drastic change but still in the rural areas she is still treated inferior to men. We cannot say clearly but overall it has improved.Nowhere in the family system has more profound change taken place as a result of modernization than in the status, roles and functions of women. Their traditional subordinate, inferior, dependent status was sought to be removed through social reforms and legislation and by provision of higher education and employment opportunities for them.As a result of these changes, in India, middle and upper class women have been able to emerge from the seclusion and tradition bound ethos of their homes to seek higher education and gainful employment even in professions which had been largely the preserve of men (Kapur 1978).Through their determination, women have been a driving force in the enactment of laws to protect themselves and others in the workplace. These laws are not just for gender discrimination but also include discrimination based on martial status, pregnancy, race, disabilities, sexual preference, and age. Women now have the ability to break out of the gender roles that were created for them by society long ago. More opportunities are appearing for women workers today then ever before.Education and employment has changed women's motivation for marriage as well as expectations from the marriage. Divorce among middle and upper classes has increased but not that drastically. Remarriage of divorced or widowed women is now taking place in the cities but not so much in the rural areas.However, it must be pointed out that there are striking contrasts between the socio-economic status of a few modern women and that of the masses of women in contemporary India. The average...

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