Inflammatory Bowel Disease Essay

1733 words - 7 pages

Inflammatory Bowel Disease
1. Describe the pathopysiology of the disease you have chosen – What is the spectrum of disease/pathology the disease? Is the disease characterized by inflammation, etc? Is it an infectious and/or chronic disease? If so what is the agent, its reservoir, mode of transmission etc.
Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic illness characterized by inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract (Wolf, CDC, Mayo clinic, health direct, NHS choices). Patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease usually face with severe chronic pain in their stomach, diarrhea, which may contain blood, loss of appetite, joint pains, skin problems, fever, fatigue, etc. Symptoms can appear for periods of time and can appear in different severity dependent on case to case (Wolf). Two main categories of inflammatory bowel disease are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Ulcerative colitis typically appears in the linings of the large intestine. It causes swelling and ulcers to form in affected regions. In extreme cases, this can cause a whole to appear in the tracks of the large intestines. In these cases, immediate emergency surgery is required. Less than half of the patients with ulcerative colitis typically require surgery at some point in their lives (CDC).
Unlike ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease is not limited to a region in the gastrointestinal tract, though it has been shown to be more dominant in the small intestines. Crohn’s disease causes swelling and scar tissues to thicken in affected regions. Crohn’s disease typically also appears in patches where certain regions are affected by Crohn’s disease and other regions are not. Like ulcerative colitis, in extreme cases Crohn’s disease can cause holes to appear in the affected region, which necessitates emergency surgery (Wolf). More than half of the patients suffering from Crohn’s disease typically require surgery at some point of their lives (CDC). However, patients typically with inflammatory bowel disease can control the symptoms of their disease with medication. Because of this, most patients with inflammatory bowel disease can live healthy lives (Wolf).
Causes of inflammatory bowel disease are indeterminate; however, most evidence supports to genetics and malfunction in the immune system to cause inflammatory bowel disease. This is because people who have a relative who have inflammatory bowel diseases or similar diseases affecting the abdominal area are more likely to develop the disease. Also, it has been shown that inflammations in inflammatory bowel disease are caused by the immune system misreading food for bacteria and other foreign substances, thus, attacking the cell as a response to this misinformation (Wolf, CDC).
2. What public health statistics are available on incidence rates/mortality rates for this disease? What is the prevalence of the disease?
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease has increased significantly over the last two decades with the Far...

Find Another Essay On Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Mallory Smith Essay

1616 words - 7 pages Introduction with Statement of Purpose Crohn’s Disease is a type of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Crohn’s disease is an acute and chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal track that can spread deep into the layers of the affected bowel tissue. Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, but it is most common in the distal ileum and the ascending colon. The disease is characterized by periods of remission and

Analysis of Crohn's Disease

1417 words - 6 pages Analysis of Crohn's Disease An inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by intermittent and recurrent abdominal pain associated with ulceration in bowel function. Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. Most often, inflammatory bowel disease is classified as ulceration colitis or Crohn’s disease but may be referred to as colitis, enteritis, ileitis

A Disease of Concern for Females - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

837 words - 3 pages As females we are taught to maintain a healthy body by eating the right foods, exercising and scheduling regular checkups with the doctor. However, there are several diseases that affect the human female body. Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of many diseases that affect the female reproductive system, and it is a disease women should be concerned with. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infectious disease that invades the female reproductive

Benefits of an Anti-Inflammatory Diet

733 words - 3 pages bowel disease. Green tea - Flavonoids are potent anti-inflammatory compound that can be found in green tea. It has been known to reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease. Blueberry - This is known as one of the highest ranking among other fruits when it comes to antioxidant capacities. It helps in protecting the body against numerous diseases such as neurodegenerative conditions and cancer. Broccoli - This highly nutritious vegetable contains anti

Inflammation and Infection Caused by Diverticulitis

667 words - 3 pages regular intervals, eating high fiber foods, drinking plenty of fluids, not straining while having a bowel movement, and not relying on a laxative to have a bowel movement.(webmd.com) Diverticulitis is responsible for over 300,000 hospital admissions per year, and the annual costs to treat the condition in the U.S. exceeds 2.6 billion dollars. Diverticulitis, a disease of the colon, is common in westernized countries. Most common is left

Crohn's Disease: An Incurable Inflammatory Disease

754 words - 3 pages Crohn’s is an incurable inflammatory bowel disease that can damage the intestine over time; Crohn’s disease can cause painful gas, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and the inability to eat normally. The actual cause of crohns disease is still unknown. It is suspected by scientist that a certain bacteria called mycobacterium may contribute to crohns. Although diet plays an important part for one suffering with crohns it is unlikely that ones diet is

Crohn's Disease

974 words - 4 pages Although people may believe that disease comes from germs and viruses around them, but with Crohn’s disease that is not the case. Crohn’s is an inflammatory bowel disease that affects the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. This disease can form, inflame, anywhere from your stomach to small intestine. Patients who struggle with Crohn’s usually would need a lifetime of care just to contain the disease; there is still not a cure, but it impacts their

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

667 words - 3 pages Inflammatory Bowel Disease/Crohn's DiseaseInflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. Most often IBD is classified as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's Disease but may be referred to as colitis, enteritis, ileitis, and proctitis. Ulcerative colitis causes ulceration and inflammation of the inner lining of intestines while Crohn's disease is an inflammation

Chrones Disease

1822 words - 7 pages Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. Most often IBD is classified as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease but may be referred to as colitis, enteritis, ileitis, and proctitis. Ulcerative colitis causes ulceration and inflammation of the inner lining of a couple of really bad places, while Crohn's disease is an inflammation that extends into the

Roles of Inflammation in Diseases

1248 words - 5 pages of perivascular inflammatory infiltrates containing auto-reactive T and B- cells and activated macrophages, in the central nervous system. Consequently, MS could be referred to as a T-cell mediated disease of the CNS (Kieseier, 1999). Multiple sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease causing demyelination in the white matter of the brain and spinal cord, axonal loss of neuronal function and death. The mediator cell is the activated macrophage

Small Intestine

989 words - 4 pages a gluten-free diet. Crohn's disease is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. It is inflammation of the digestive system, which can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs. Small Intestine Cancer is the development of a tumor in the small intestines. Its treatment is chemotherapy and radiation therapy and if needed, surgical removal. Small Bowel Obstruction causes food to not be able to move freely through the intestines

Similar Essays

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Essay

1435 words - 6 pages The term Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a general name given to a few disorders that all fall under the category of inflamed intestines (they become red and swollen.) This is usually due to a reaction the body causes against its own intestinal tissue. The two most common types of Inflammatory Bowel Disease are Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn’s Disease (CD). Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract; however, it

Inflammatory Bowel Disease And Industrialization Essay

2193 words - 9 pages Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic and relapsing gastrointestinal condition currently affecting a total of about 28 million people worldwide (cite). Although it is not considered a fatal condition, painful and disabling symptoms can have a profound detrimental effect on patients’ quality of life. Current understandings behind the etiology of IBD emphasize genetic predispositions to gastrointestinal immune system imbalances. However

Inflammatory Bowel Disease And Ulcerative Colitis

995 words - 4 pages Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) refers to a variety of conditions in which a chronic immune response and inflammation occur throughout the gastrointestinal tract. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases are triggered by an abnormal response by the body’s immune system. In a normal functioning immune system, the cells protect the body from infection. However, in those who are suffering from IBD, the

Video Capsule Endoscopy For Identifying Crohn’s Disease

1491 words - 6 pages Video Capsule Endoscopy for Identifying Crohn’s Disease Crohn’s disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that could occur anywhere from the mouth to the rectum. However, it usually affects the intestines (Longstreth, 2010). Like many illnesses, there is no cure for Crohn’s as the exact cause of it is unknown. There are a number of tests and procedures available that aide in making the diagnosis of Crohn’s disease. Stool