International Adoption And Open Adoption Essay

1466 words - 6 pages

January 12th, 2010 is a day in Haiti history that no one will forget; a 7.3 magnitude earthquake left a huge impact on Haiti. In the wake of this devastating earthquake hundreds of children were left without families. “International adoption agencies, adoption advocacy groups, and government Web sites were overwhelmed by calls and e-mails” (Seabrook). Within days of the earthquake, many American families began inquiring about adopting a child from Haiti. A selfless act like adoption turned into a controversy over human rights and caused many to voice concerns about adopting internationally. (Seabrook)
In the aftermath of the Haiti earthquake the media began to talk openly about the issue of international adoption, advocates against it became more public with their views. Annette R. Appell who argues for open adoption and disapproves of international adoptions in her article "The Open Adoption Option” does well to explain one of the major cons against internationally adopting a child. There are some articles that take another view that openness in adoption is not always in the best interest of the child, Scott D. Ryan along with others, wrote the article titled "Open Adoptions in Child Welfare: Social Worker and Foster/Adoptive Parents Attitudes" where they explore why open adoption is not always necessary. While Appell and Ryan explain their arguments clearly, they agree on the lack of openness in international adoption. Another author Karen Sotiropoulos, in her article “Open Adoption and the Politics of Transnational Feminist Human Rights" brings her own personal story of international adoption to the controversy, appealing to the readers on an emotional level in support of international adoption. Numerous articles have been written arguing both for and against Americans adopting from other countries and one of the main arguments is that there is rarely a chance for the adoptive child to reconnect with their biological parents. Regardless of who is right the bottom line is that; all children deserve a family and a home where they will be nurtured and loved in a healthy environment and there is never one option that fits all adoption situations.
A child’s most basic human right is to grow up in a safe, nurturing family and laws had to be put in place to protect these rights. Varying by state, the laws that govern adoption protect all the parties involved focusing on what is the best for the child or children. First, the decision must be made as to what type of adoption is being sought, there is private adoption, open adoption and international adoption. Private adoption is an arrangement between the adoptive parents and the birth parents without the use of outside sources. Open adoption is when both the adoptive and birth parents have access to certain information about each other depending on what is agreed upon. Another option is international adoption, this is when adoptive parents go outside of the United States to adopt a child...

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