Investigative Psychology Essay

1466 words - 6 pages

Investigative Psychology
As stated by Bartol and Bartol (2008), investigative psychology is the application of psychological research and principles to the investigation of criminal behavior (Bartol & Bartol, 2008). Investigative psychology is closely associated with criminal profiling, but there are other areas in which a forensic psychologist can participate in this particular subspecialty. An investigative psychologist maybe asked to perform a psychological autopsy, forensic hypnosis, or produce a geographical mapping. Psychological autopsies are generally performed in suspected suicide cases where the insurance company or family member questions the cause of death. Forensic hypnosis is an interview or interrogation method used by trained and credentialed professionals. Lastly, geographic mapping is a method of research “concerned with analyzing spatial patterns of crimes committed by numerous offenders over a period of time (Bartol & Bartol, 2008).” Geographic profiling is the analysis of a single serial offender’s geographic movement.
Due to the complexities of investigative psychology these methods have been scrutinized. In order for these methods to be admissible in a court of law, they must pass the Daubert standard for empirically based evidence. The use of such standards has sparked an array of studies. For example criminal profiling has been under a magnifying glass for several years. Snook et al. (2007) found that there is inadequate empirical evidence that suggest whether criminal profiling is an effective method (Snook, Eastwood, Gendreau, Goggin, & Cullen, 2007). However, Kocsis, Middledorp, and Karpin (2008) reported that expert profilers are more accurate at prediction of unknown offender characteristics than non profilers were (Kocsis, Middledorp, & Karpin, 2008). There have been several court cases that relate to profiling. One case is State v. Parkinson, where the Idaho Appellate Court decided to exclude an FBI sex offender profile. Conversely, Alabama Criminal Court of appeals allowed an FBI profiler to testify about motivational analysis.
If a profiler uses false information in an investigation to delay the apprehension of an offender, the misuse of criminal profiling can produce an ethical predicament. An ethical dilemma such as this speaks to the character of the individual. The Ethical Principles of Psychologist and Code of Conduct, and the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists prohibit psychologist from presenting false information as fact. They also state that psychologist should be able to provide evidence that proves their findings. Ultimately, preventive measures are in place to deter instances like this.
Profiling is not the only method which has generated research and controversy. Forensic hypnosis is another controversial method of investigative psychology that has generated several studies. Braffman and Kirsch (1999) reported that the experiences and responses during...

Find Another Essay On Investigative Psychology

Crime Scene Profiling Essay

1384 words - 6 pages ). Offender Profiling and Investigative Psychology. Journal of Investigative Psychology & Offender Profiling, 1(1), 1-15 doi 10.1002/jip.007. Douglas, J. R. (1986). Criminal Profiling from Crime Scene Analysis. Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 4(4), 401-421. Schlesinger, L. (2009). Psychological profiling: Investigative implications from crime scene analysis. Journal of Psychiatry & Law, 37(1), 73-84. Turvey, B. E. (2012). Criminal Profiling An Introduction to Behavioral Evidence Analysis. Sitka, Alaska: Forensic Solutions LLC.

Psychologically Vulnerable Group of People Essay

882 words - 4 pages far more protected and therefore less vulnerable to the ill effects of being a witness subjected to the stressful interviewing process in the criminal justice system. Word Count – 778 Words References Bull, R, 2010, The Investigative Interviewing of Children and other Vulnerable witnesses: Psychological Research and Working/Professional Practice, Legal and Criminological Psychology, volume 15 (Pages 5-23) Cleary P D, Mechanic D and

Criminal Profiling Techniques

1359 words - 5 pages clarity and thus it is difficult test its viability and usability (Ebisike, 2008, pp. 26-27). c. Investigative Psychology (IP) David Canter, professor at the University of Liverpool, developed the most scientifically based profiling method, IP. Using statistical methods to apply psychological principles, IP is far more reliable and easily proven than personal intuition and experience that other profilers claim to use to draw profiles. IP states that

John Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities and Work Environments

2584 words - 10 pages Personalities and Work Environments Holland’s theory states that there are six different occupational personality types. These types are Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. Each type can be defined as a combination of behaviors, needs, self concepts, goals, preferred roles, aptitudes and intelligence. Holland states that a persons personality pattern has a resemblance to each of the six category

Criminal minds

1538 words - 6 pages . (2004). Offender profiling and investigative psychology. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 1, 1-15.Dern, H., Dern, C., Horn, A., & Horn, U. (2009). The fire behind the smoke: A reply to Snook and colleagues. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36(10): 1085-1090.Godwin, M. (2002). Reliability, validity, and utility of criminal profiling typologies.Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 17(1), 1-18Muller, D. A. (2000

The Nature of Psychology

1477 words - 6 pages psychology include the body of knowledge which is considered the teaching face, set of investigative methods or research face, and array of techniques the therapy face. The goals of psychology are: to explain behaviors, to describe behaviors, to predict behavior, and to modify inappropriate behaviors. Explaining behaviors would be a question similar to “Why does this happen?”, and example of how describing behavior could be accomplished would be asking

Forensic Psychology and Criminal Profiling

812 words - 3 pages presenting profiling, lay down the style at which profiling is to be examined. In the UK for example, the major significance placed on profiling is to check with educated and literate professionals like Prof. Canter that make use of a methodology that was able to be gauged (using larger samples than in the US this was covered in the lecture) similar to if not IP (investigative psychology) and come up with a “profile’’. Therefore, in regard to

Criminal Profiling: Does it Really Work?

1866 words - 8 pages , criminal profiling is applied to every type of crime not just murder (Bartol & Bartol, 2012). Most of the studies conducted about criminal profiling focus of those of violent criminals (Cook & Hinman, 1999). With that said, criminal profiling of serial killers has intrigued people more than any other investigative technique. I believe this is because people find murderers more interesting than thieves. The entertainment industry, media, and society have

The Destructiveness of Perfectionism Implications for the Treatment of Depression

1045 words - 4 pages current identification and adopt new identities they develop for themselves. The article does all of these things effectively, and one main strength of this article would be the way in which it identified, step by step, how perfectionism can actually be linked to developing depression. It showed both actual investigative evidence and detailed reports of real-life evidence of the role of intense perfectionism in suicidal behavior. However, a

Policies and Procedures for Science and Technology

2347 words - 9 pages may be better assigned to investigative activities. Therefore, a comprehensive, directive policy and procedure should result in the following benefits: less time spent on the telephone, or e-mail; locate a person, either a detective or a forensic technician, to whom a question can be addressed; fewer errors; and provide consistent answers (University of California Santa Cruz, 1994, p. 2). Responsiveness. Policy and procedures can provide the

Deviant Crime Associations to Schizophrenia and Anti-Social Behaviors

2223 words - 9 pages . Works Cited Culhane, S. E., Hilstag, S. M., Freng, A., & Gray, M. J. (2011). Self-reported psychopathology in a convicted serial killer. Journal Of Investigative Psychology & Offender Profiling, 8(1), 1-21. doi:10.1002/jip.129 National Forensic Science Technology Center, (2008). Blood Spatter Animations. Retrieved May1, 2014 http://www.nfstc.org/link /animations/images/blood

Similar Essays

Critically Analyse The Use Of Clinical Profiling Or Criminal Investigative Analysis Or Investigative Psychology In Police Investigation. Illustrat

2028 words - 9 pages the judicial institutional branches. Since then, criminal profiling has become a developing science of practice to solve or help in investigation by using various methods, one of which is known as investigative psychology. INVESTIGATIVE PSYCHOLOGY (IP) I. THE CONCEPT The main character of this technique can be described as being the implementation of a framework for the diversity of known aspects of psychology in areas of investigations, be

Forensic Psychology Literature Review

1779 words - 7 pages ), 201-201-204,105-106. Perri, F., & Lichtenwald, T. (2009). WHEN WORLDS COLLIDE: Criminal investigative analysis, forensic psychology, and the timothy masters case. Forensic Examiner, 18(2), 52-52-69. Quinsey, V. (2009). Are we there yet? stasis and progress in forensic psychology. Canadian Psychology, 50(1), 15-15-21. Roesch, R., & Rogers, B. (2011). The cambridge handbook of forensic psychology. Canadian Psychology, 52(3), 242-242-243. Spellman, B., & Busey, T. (2010). EMERGING TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW RESEARCH: An editorial overview. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17(2), 141-141-2.

Orientation To Psychology Essay

1653 words - 7 pages Taking the Orientation to Psychology class my first semester at Seton Hall University was probably the most beneficial part of my college experience thus far. Although I came into college confidently declared as a psychology major, I didn’t really know what this meant or entailed prior to taking this course. This course taught me valuable information about myself, about the field of psychology, and about how I can mold those two together. All

Profiling Essay

1913 words - 8 pages is used, it must have some merit in particular cases. Participants in this study were not provided with knowledge of differing approaches to profiling which include criminal investigative analysis which the FBI uses, behavioral evidence analysis, investigative psychology and geographic profiling, which may have caused them to have more favourable views towards profiling (Torres, Boccaccini, and Miller, 2006). Both studies indicate the need for