Is There Really A God? Essay

1889 words - 8 pages

The question of whether or not God exists has been pondered for centuries as “God exists” or “God does not exist” are not self-evident principles. For the purposes of this essay, God is defined as “the creator and ruler of the universe and source of all moral authority; the Supreme Being” . I will discuss three of the primary logical arguments for God’s existence including the argument from design, the cosmological argument and The Proofs of St. Thomas Aquinas, and then decide if the counterarguments are valid proof of God’s non-existence.
The most common argument for the existence of God is the argument from design. William Paley, an English philosopher most known for his definition of the teleological argument, wrote in his book titled Natural Theology in 1802 , “If you were walking on a heath and saw a watch on the ground you would assume that the parts had not come together by chance because it is too ordered and complicated. Therefore someone must have designed it or it would not work. Because the universe is also ordered and complicated, someone must have designed that too. That ‘someone’ is God.” However this argument does not prove the existence of God. Two important critics of this argument were David Hume and Charles Darwin. In his Dialogues Concerning Natural Reason Hume argues that even if the world had been designed, we cannot assume that it was a sole creator that made the universe, it may be the product of multiple designers or an inept designer. He also argues that because there is evil in the world, the designer could not be perfect; therefore God could not be the perfect creator. Since there is only one universe, it is possible that the universe did not require a designer and that chance could be responsible for the way the universe is . Darwin also contradicted the argument from design in his The Origin of Species. Darwin discovered that all species derive from a common ancestor; therefore that God could not have created each species independently. Darwin also stated that God created the world as an expression of God’s own goodness. Natural selection however shows a struggle for dominance and ultimately survival, not a harmonious place that is good for all people . Another extension of the argument from design states that the laws of the universe were so created that stars and planets could form and life could be sustained on Earth and that the chances of this happening are astronomical . Yes, the chances of all the universes being able to sustain life are very unlikely, but only one is the actual universe, the one in which we live. Many of these other universes could have the possibility of life. However this argument only states that stars and planets will form and life could be sustained. That life could be intelligent or unintelligent life forms. Simply put, the universe must have properties to permit intelligent life to form, which could be created by chance .
The cosmological argument is another classical...

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