The Films Bicycle Thieves, The Earth Trembles, and Rome, Open City, represent morality and emphasis of emotions, which are main principles of Italian Neorealism. These principles are used to illustrate the new direction in filmmaking that seeks to reveal the reality of post world war two Italy.
The neorealist movement was a grown breaking evolution that planted its roots in Italy at the end of world war two. This movement was a reaction to the arduous time that was filled with political strife and despairing economic conditions. The war had lasting effects on the state of the country as a whole and caused complete chaos for most of its citizens. At this time, many influential directors turned to their cameras to show the immense suffering afflicted on the country. Directors such as Roberto Rossellini, Luchino Visconti, and Vittorio De Sica focused on this new style of film that highlighted the lower class. They fixated on the classes concerns attempting to evoke an emotional response from the representation of the real. The films The Earth Trembles, Rome, Open City and Bicycle Thieves, are perfect illustrations of the use of nonprofessional actors, on location shooting, small budgets, and a visual that was seen to the people as realistic. These films represent a sympathetic point of view focused on emotions and illustrate how moral judgments are not as easy as they may seem.
This form or realistic cinema provided the viewer with something completely different than they were used to seeing with the Classic Hollywood Style. These films hold a strong sense of the dilemma for the ordinary individual that is affected by political circumstances that are beyond their control. These actors were no longer perfectly attractive and trained, which made their emotions real and relatable. The surroundings were not perfectly constructed and ornate since the director was using as basic Mise-en-scene as possible. This simplicity made it easier to represent the change in the conditions of everyday life for the common Italian. Truly evoking the consciousness of repression and desperation. Although neorealism challenged the style of cinema that the viewer found comfortable, it was much more than just a new cinematic style. Neorealism was the expression of morality and the struggles of the common man.
Roberto Rossellini's Rome, Open City, is the earliest form of Italian neorealism, and holds a special spot as a milestone in cinema. Because the film was based on real events, it makes the story conjure a strong emotional sense, and really hit home with its Italian viewers. The movie had such a powerful emotional impact because this wartime horror was so fresh to the Italians, it was raw and presented with painful intensity.
The film tells a story of many Italian Resistance fighters battling the fascism that controlled Rome at the time. When the Gestapo raids the apartment where, a prominent member of the underground is hiding, they arrest the young man who...