Jobs Titles During The Industrial Era

1606 words - 7 pages

In Britain, there were many different jobs during the middle to late 19th century and the early 20th century. In the midst of the large multitude of jobs during this period, there were a few that were relatively safe and had a decent salary, there were the less desirable ones that were dangerous with a smaller salary, and then there were the extremely ridiculous jobs that nobody wanted, but had to unwillingly take due to the high levels of poverty during this time period. During class, we were to watch videos documenting what workers had to do if they had these ridiculously dangerous and terrible jobs. The videos started out with jobs that were mainly based upon repetitive manual labor. The first job from the videos was the water caddy, who had the tedious and backbreaking job of filling a barrel with about sixty-six pounds of water, and carrying the barrel across the city in order to deliver water to personal residences. This job served the same purpose as running water, but was carried out by people instead of pipes.

The next job was an early firefighter, whose only equipment was a man-powered helmet that had fresh air pumped into it by a contraption called a bellows from outside the building so that the wearer could breathe. The firefighter helmet was very heavy, bulky, and awkward and the wearer couldn’t see the ground due to the rectangular eye windows that didn’t allow sight below eye level. There were two more jobs that went along with the firefighter. One job was the Pumper, who stood outside and pumped on the bellows with their foot in order to pump air to the firefighter helmet. If they stopped pumping, then the firefighter would suffocate and die. The next job is the climber, who’s only equipment was a long ladder that had a heavy metal hook on the top rung of the ladder. The climber had to break the window from a building floor with the hook, hook the ladder on the windowsill, and then climb the ladder to reach the next floor to save someone, or put out some high flames.

The second video focused more on jobs on the docks, such as dockers and deal porters. The dockers had a job that had many health and life hazards that could cause permanent damage. They worked in a dusty environment and shoveled saw dust from a giant pile. One present danger was the fact that the saw dust could overheat and catch fire while the worker was standing on top of it, and set them on fire or suffocate them with smoke. The other danger is the fact that the dust could cause many lung and breathing problems. The other dock job is the job of deal porter, which is someone who carries lumber. The deal porter carries up to 3 pieces of lumber on their shoulder, which is protected by a leather pad that is attached to a hat. They hoist the lumber up onto their shoulder, and run along small platforms and beams to deliver the lumber to the builders working in the construction sites.

The videos from the next job presented a lower risk than the ones from the previous...

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