Julius Caesar And Napoleon Bonaparte Essay

2251 words - 9 pages

Throughout the history Europe, kings and dictators have been notorious for their unquenchable thirst for power and complete domination; the lure of absolute supremacy and total allegiance was too tempting to disregard. Some made their way by the rights of birth, others by scheming their path through politics. But none are as infamous than that of Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte. Both Napoleon and Caesar achieved great glory by bringing their countries out of the turmoil that followed the revolutionary ages, utilizing their political and military support as well as their outstanding tactics in warfare. Though Caesar had major accomplishments, Napoleon receives the most praise for his work in creating efficient governmental systems, along with his feats in the military. Together, both men reshaped their countries and gave a new order to their empires, whilst still remaining in favour with the people.

Julius Caesar was born during the instability of Rome- the element of disorder ruled the Republic, which discredited its nobility and could not keep control over Rome’s considerable size and influence. After the death of Rome's dictator, Sulla, Caesar returned from military service and organised a private army to attack Mithradates VI Eupator, King of Pontus, who was an enemy of Rome. Soon after, Caesar began working with Pompey, a former lieutenant that served under Sulla but had switched sides following the dictator's death. At around 68 BC Caesar was elected quaestor (base political office). Eight years later, in 60 BC, Julius served as governor of the Roman province of Spain. Whilst maintaining his relationship with Pompey, Caesar also aligned himself with Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus, who provided Caesar with financial and political support. Pompey soon grew jealous of Caesar’s rising popularity, and their relationship deteriorated and transformed into war. By the end of 48 BC, Caesar was able to push his enemies completely out of Italy, and successfully pursued Pompey into Egypt, where he was eventually killed. There, Caesar aligned himself with Cleopatra, with whom he had a son, Caesarion. After returning to Rome, Caesar was awarded Dictator for Life, and was known as the Father of his Country. Throughout his reign, Julius was able to reform much of his country; he relieved the debt, re-organised the local government, and granted citizenship to foreigners. But his popularity with the Senate was another matter entirely. Jealousy and fear concerning Caesar's increasing power led to angst among a number of politicians and members of the Senate who saw him trying to aspire to become king, and history had proven that Romans have never had the desire for monarchical rule. And when Caesar wished to include his former Roman enemies in the government, it was evident that his downfall was imminent. Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus were both former enemies who'd joined the Senate. Together, the two of them...

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