Juvenile Justice. Essay

3128 words - 13 pages

THESIS STATEMENT: The Great and General Court of Massachusetts has erred in reforming the juvenile justice system by implementing policies and procedures that will harm juveniles and place society at risk.On July 23, 1995, an intruder brutally attacked and stabbed Janet Downing approximately 100 times in her Somerville home. The revolting Downing murder and ensuing arrest of Edward O'Brien Jr., a 15-year-old juvenile whom prosecutors say committed the heinous crime, sent shockwaves through the state. When Somerville District Court Judge Paul P. Hefferman ruled that the Commonwealth try Mr. O'Brien as a juvenile, those shockwaves grew in intensity, and the citizens of Massachusetts, fed up with increasing youth violence and perceptions of an ineffective juvenile justice system, demanded the enactment of tough new laws to deal with repeat and violent juvenile offenders. The Great and General Court of Massachusetts headed these demands for reform of the juvenile justice system and enacted legislation that, among other things, abolishes the trial de novo system in the juvenile courts, requires the trial of juveniles charged with murder, manslaughter, aggravated rape, forcible rape of a child, kidnaping, assault with intent to rob or murder and armed burglary in adult court and permits prosecutors to open to the public juvenile proceedings when they seek an adult sentence. Although proponents tout these measures as a sagacious solution for the vexatious problem of juvenile delinquency, abolishing the trial de novo system, providing for automatic adult trials and opening juvenile proceedings to the public when prosecutors seek an adult sentence works to the detriment, not the benefit, of juveniles and society. Therefore, the policy makers of Massachusetts should repeal most sections of the Juvenile Justice Reform Act and develop other policies to deal with the rising problem of juvenile crime.I. A SINGLE TRIAL SYSTEM PREVENTS COURTS FROM PROVIDING RAPID ASSISTANCE TO JUVENILES IN NEED, DOES LITTLE TO SERVE JUDICIAL ECONOMY AND PLACES A SIMILAR BURDEN AS THE DE NOVO SYSTEM ON VICTIMS AND WITNESSES.Proponents of a single trial system for juveniles argue that the trial de novo system wastes judicial resources by giving defendants a second bite at the apple and traumatizes victims and witnesses by forcing them to testify at two proceedings. However, these proponents fail to acknowledge that the de novo system allows judges to quickly provide juveniles with the rehabilitative help they need. The proponents, unsurprisingly, also fail to acknowledge that a single trial system may place a greater burden on judicial resources and a similar burden on victims and witnesses.The 'de novo' system benefits juveniles by encouraging bench trials, which frequently result in the swift administration of rehabilitative help. For many juveniles, delinquency is a reaction to a variety of situational stressors. Statistics indicate that the vast majority of juvenile...

Find Another Essay On Juvenile Justice.

Juvenile Justice Essay

1086 words - 4 pages educational success, student who are problem reasserts are at high risk of being held back and dropping out of school (Siegel, p.6).(SLO#2) - Compare landmark juvenile justice case law
The first curfew law was created in Omaha, Nebraska 1880, and today about 500 U.S. cities have curfews for teenage youth (Siegel, p.26). Curfews don't allow children under the age of 18 from being on the streets after 11p.m during the week and after midnight on

Juvenile Justice Essay

1446 words - 6 pages their fault because their brain hasn’t fully grown so they don't know right from wrong yet. Before they are tried as adults the judge should know what's right and wrong is very important thing to take into consideration. The adult juvenile justice system should be for adults only. Why would it be called adult juvenile justice system if they are sending children and teens there. Statistics show that young adults don't commit crimes as they did when

Juvenile Justice

997 words - 4 pages roam the safe homes of people with their horrible acts of crime, and so they must be tried as adults and take full responsibility of their actions. Juvenile justice is a case that is being fought frequently in court due to juveniles being tried as an adult. In the case of Chancy Luna, Edwards James, and Michael Jones, three teens ruthlessly killed Australian Baseball player, Christopher Lane, by shooting him in the back with a .22 revolver. These

Juvenile Justice Policy Reform

991 words - 4 pages Juvenile Justice Policy ReformIt is a disturbing fact that the number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased 43% between 1985 and 2000 (Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention, 2000). According to Snyder (2000), "Delinquency offences are acts committed by juveniles that would be crimes if committed by adults." (OJJDP, 2000). Here is the question to discuss. What causes these youth to behave the way to get involved in

Juvenile Justice System

1708 words - 7 pages The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important is maintaining order and preserving constitutional rights. When a juvenile is arrested and charged with committing a crime there are many different factors that will come in to play during the course of his arrest, trial, conviction, sentencing, and rehabilitation process. This

Juvenile Justice in USA

869 words - 3 pages Juvenile JusticeThe Juvenile Justice System as it typically functions in America's thousands of jurisdictions is the subject that will be covered. The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that 'sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies

Department of Juvenile Justice

857 words - 4 pages Department of Juvenile Justice In the earlier years the approach to juvenile justice was that of “rehabilitative” (“Department of Juvenile Justice,” 2012). The Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services or HRS, were accountable for a wide range of responsibilities, from criminal cases involving youth, to child abuse or neglect cases. The department was expected to uphold a moral standard, by providing optimum resources for at risk

Race and Juvenile Justice

1534 words - 7 pages Race and Juvenile Justice addresses the correlation between race, juvenile delinquency, and justice. Through various essays addressing historical backgrounds, part one discusses racial disparities regarding the juvenile delinquency of White, Latino, Black, Asian American, and Native American youth. Part two explores significant issues such as domestic violence, gang involvement, the application of the death penalty to juveniles, disproportionate

Juvenile Justice Systems

1521 words - 7 pages connotation that comes with juvenile delinquents and their behaviors. Every country has their own ways of dealing with crime, and in particular juvenile delinquency, in this piece there will be an in depth analysis of the United States juvenile justice system and England’s juvenile justice system. Although there are many similarities between both developed countries England’s approach to juvenile justice is more effective long term by its

Juvenile Justice Systems

2126 words - 9 pages programs. (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2004) We are giving money to a business of locking up juveniles instead of a government with rehabilitative and restorative programs. This is a reoccurring issue that fails to be addressed in the United States even if the evidence of intervention based programs is promising for positive results. England Juvenile Justice System In England there is a slight difference in how they handle juvenile crime, they

American Juvenile Justice System

2290 words - 10 pages The American criminal justice system is comprised of criminal courts, correctional facilities, and law enforcement officials. Each of these components also make up the juvenile justice system but the operations of each differs with juveniles than with adults who are suspected of committing criminal acts. A juvenile offender is an individual under a certain age who is suspected of having committed a crime or a status offense. A status offense

Similar Essays

Juvenile Justice Essay

1927 words - 8 pages A good deal of research has noted major disparities in the extent of involvement of minority youth, particularly black youth compared with white youth, in the juvenile justice system. The existence of disproportionate racial representation in the juvenile justice system raises questions about the fundamental fairness and equality of treatment of these youth by the police, courts, and other personnel connected with the juvenile justice system

Juvenile Justice Essay

869 words - 3 pages What Happened to Juvenile Justice?      There is a great deal of controversy over the trying and sentencing of juvenile offenders today. Many will argue that because the severity of Juvenile crimes has risen, the severity of its consequences should rise; however, no matter how serious the crime is, juvenile offenders tried as adults receive far worse than they deserve. The majority of Juveniles tried as adults are

Juvenile Justice Essay 651 Words

651 words - 3 pages Juvenile JusticeLionel Tate, the youngest person in American history to be sentenced to life in prison, was recently released on the terms of 1-year house arrest and 10 years probation. After serving 3 years in the Okeechobee Juvenile Offenders Correction Facility, Judge Joel T. Lazarus released Tate on his own recognizance. He will now plead guilty to charges of 2nd degree murder.Tate served as an example of the direction our justice system has

Juvenile Justice Essay 675 Words

675 words - 3 pages not apply in my jurisdiction. Those are clear violations of the law and will be dealt with in a more formal setting. If the theft victim or the parents of the fighting subjects wish to pursue charges the juveniles will be formally processed. This would entail arrest, fingerprinting, mug shots; Department of Juvenile Justice intake and possible release back to parents. If the offense is serious enough or the juvenile is a repeat offender they may