The Hindis believe that the purpose of their life is to gain good karma, follow the laws, and be a good person as they feel they will be rewarded in their next life. They want to act dharma, which is to act rightly or appropriately, by doing this they will gain positive karma as acting according with their dharma has them gain positive karma. Their next life will result of the moral worth of their deeds and the person they were in their previous life.
There are four main castes and one in which they consider to be the outcastes. The four main castes are the Brahmin, the next is the Kshatriya, the third is the Vaishya, and the fourth is the Shudra. The outcastes are in the group called Dalits. Each caste has a purpose in life, the Brahmin are considered to be the priestly caste in which they are teach the Veda, and are to “sacrifice for others and receive alms” (Institutes of Vishnu 5-10, pg. 44). The Kshatriya is considered the warriors or the ruler caste, they have constant practice in battles, and they are to protect the world from harm. The Vaishya are to be the merchants and the farmers, they tend to the cattle, they, “engage in farming, keeps cows, trades, lends money at interest, and grows seeds” (Institutes of Vishnu 5-10, pg. 44). The Shudra are the manual laborers who according to the Institutes of Vishnu under the Four Castes, are to serve the twice born men who are to sacrifice and to study the Veda, the Shudra also engage in all the different duties of craftsmanship (5-10, pg.44). In case of a crisis, each caste is allowed to follow the occupation of the caste that is below them in rank. The duties in which all four of these castes, whatever gender or stage of life, are to follow and have in common are to be truthful, to be patient, to be pure, to have self-control, not to kill others (Institutes of Vishnu 10, pg. 44). They are to have obedience toward their gurus, to have sympathy, to have straightforwardness, to have freedom from wanting what does not belong to them, freedom from anger, and to take journeys to holy places (Institutes of Vishnu 10, pg. 44).
The Dalits, which are considered the outcastes, untouchables, or unseeables, are the lowest of groups. The Dalits are known as non-Hindu according to the other castes. The Dalits are the group that does the most menial and ritually polluting jobs, they are the ones who clean the sewers, dig the graves, cremate, and take the bodies of unknown people away. The Dalits live outside of the village, as the other castes are not to talk to them. By the Dalits living outside of the village they are also away from violence as the other castes do not like or tolerate them much except for them doing their jobs. In class, we learned that if one of the other castes kills a Dalit it is not taken as serious as if they were to kill a Shudra, they do not consider this as bad karma. It is bad karma but they do not see it as horrible, like if they were to...