Kukulkan Quetzalcoatl Essay

569 words - 3 pages

The feathered serpent god is one of the great mysteries of ancient Mesoamerican cultures. He was called Kukulkan by the Mayas and Quetzalcoatl by the Aztecs, but this deity also appeared in other Prehispanic cultures. He (and in some cases his 'men') was described as being a bearded Caucasian man in some writings, and as a man with white skin, hair on the face and stunning emerald eyes in others. Kukulkan was both a real person and a myth. The Mayas believed that he came from heaven to earth, for this reason he was represented as a feathered or plumed serpent in the majestic ruins of Mexico's archaeological sites.Kukulkan was born out of a sort of Immaculate Conception. His mother was the virgin Coalitque and his father was ...view middle of the document...

Kukulkan was a benevolent god and it was only necessary to provide one human sacrifice a year on his behalf.Kukulkan used to say: "ytzeen caan, ytzeen muyal," which in ancient Mayan means: "I am the dew and substance from heaven." He was a mystical god who received people from distant places, and had the power to heal the sick and bring the dead back to life. When he departed for the east, traveling the ocean on a raft of serpents, he promised his followers to return in the year Cortes' expedition disembarked on the shores of Veracruz. The stories of the reason for his departure are varied, the most common story being that his twin Tezcatlipoca, antagonistic god of the night, had exiled him, or that he left because he had been humiliated.The deity Quetzalcoatl was the Lord of Intelligence and the Winds in Aztec mythology. He was considered the god of human sustenance, penitence, self-sacrifice, re-birth and butterflies. The myth, according to the Aztecs, says that Quetzalcoatl had been humiliated and set off to the east. The Aztecs had as an apocalyptic myth of the coming of the feathered serpent god, Quetzalcoatl, and his army. The Spanish conquistadors who arrived in 1519 filled the requirements for these myths and made them self fulfilling prophecies. Monctezuma realized too late that the Spanish were invading his country. In this way, Quetzalcoatl is partly to blame for the undoing of the Aztec civilization.Sources:'Kukulkan' http://www.insecula.com/contact/A010622.html'Quetzalcoatl' http://www.insecula.com/contact/A010624.html'The Feathered Serpent' http://members.aol.com/maroic/serpent.htm'Quetzal' http://www.webislam.com/numeros/2000/00_11/Articulos%2000_11/Quetzalcoatl/Quetzal.htm

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