The Theories of Leadership & Management
The purpose of the report is to evaluate the scientific management and the Bureaucratic models of management. These Theoretical models attempt to describe the structure and management of small and large businesses and government organisation. The bureaucratic and scientific management models belong to the early classical school. They seek to develop managerial effectiveness by providing tools and suggesting organisational structures (Caldari, 2007).
Bureaucratic management (Weber, 1947) is common in government organisations, while scientific management also known as Taylorism (Taylor, 1911) is an aspect of manufacturing operations. The fundamentals of bureaucratic management model include specialisation, hierarchy and formal processes (Adler and Borys, 1996, p.1). Specialisation refers to a group of people working in specific functional areas such as finance and manufacturing. Hierarch refers to management layers and formal processes and this refer to how companies internally organised and how they interact externally with investors, suppliers and customers. Looking at the way the civil service in managed in Malawi, this may indicate that bureaucratic principles are being applied in administration of all departments. Weber, 1947, further explains that bureaucratic management structure share certain characteristics, such as clear chain of command, regulations, and comprehensive record keeping and documentation. Each position in a bureaucracy oversees another position as a result, there is direction and control throughout the organisation (Harmon and Mayer, 1986). According to Harmon and Mayer, 1986, citing Weber, 1947, bureaucracy is like a pyramid of control like in the military where higher-level officials supervise lower-level officials inside the organization. This is still being practiced in most organisations today.
Even though most...