Bipolar Disorder Essay

983 words - 4 pages

Bipolar disorder, (manic-depressive disorder) is associated with mood swings that range from the lows of depression to the highs of mania. When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts in the other direction, you may feel euphoric and full of energy. Mood shifts may occur only a few times a year, or as often as several times a day. In some cases, bipolar disorder causes symptoms of depression and mania at the same time (Bipolar Disorder, 2013).
Although bipolar disorder is a disruptive, long-term condition, you can keep your moods in check by following a treatment plan. In most cases, bipolar disorder can be controlled with medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy) (Bipolar Disorder, 2013)
Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme changes in mood, from mania to depression. Between these mood episodes, a person with bipolar disorder may experience normal moods (What is Bipolar Disorder? 2013).
"Manic" describes an increasingly restless, energetic, talkative, reckless, powerful, euphoric period. Lavish spending sprees or impulsive risky sex can occur. Then, at some point, this high-flying mood can spiral into something darker -- irritation, confusion, anger, feeling trapped (What is Bipolar Disorder? 2013).
"Depression" describes the opposite mood -- sadness, crying, sense of worthlessness, loss of energy, loss of pleasure, sleep problems (What is Bipolar Disorder? 2013).
The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but several factors seem to be involved in causing and triggering bipolar episodes: Biological differences, Neurotransmitters, Hormones, Inherited traits, Environment (Symptoms, 2012)
Bipolar disorder, formerly known as, manic-depressive disorder is a mental abnormality involving swings of mood from mania to depression. It is believed that bipolar disorder seems to have a high incidence among very creative people. Psychologist Martin Seligman, has called depression the “common cold” of psychological problems (Seligman, 1973-1975); nearly everyone has at some time, suffered from either major or minor depression. Clinicians have noted that women have a higher depression rates than do men. Disorders are categorized by symptoms and not by cause.
As the literature explains examples of bipolar disorder would be a person who is very energetic, easily distracted, hyperactive, jumpy and talkative with racing thoughts. This stage is called manic phase. A person at this stage could be someone who may spend life savings frivolously on outlandish purchases or someone who engages in copulation with multiple partners or other high risk activities. Then after the mania subsides they must face the reality of the damages or problems that they now have created. This phase referred to as the depression phase, causes a person to feel lonely, empty, loss of interest in activities that once excited them, have trouble concentrating or making...

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