Review of Literature
I. Introduction- History of Mars
In ancient Roman religion, Mars (Greek: Ares) was the god of war and was an agricultural guardian. He was the second most important only to Jupiter and Neptune. Mars was the strongest military god of them all according to the religion of the Roman army. Mars was a part of the Archaic Triad with Jupiter and Quirinus. Mars used his military powers as a way to secure peace. Mars was a father Romulus and Remus and his wife was Rhea Silvia. Many people think Mars got its name because of its red color because Mars the god was sometimes called the red planet.
Some basic facts about mars are that it is about the same age as the sun which is about 4.5 billion years. Mars’s location is in our solar system. Its average distance from the sun is 227,900,000 kilometers which is 141,600,000 miles. For mars to get around the sun it takes 1.88 Earth years which is 687 days. Mars has two moons. One is called Deimos and one is called Phobos. One day on mars is twenty-four hours, thirty-nine minutes, and thirty-five seconds. Mars has the same amount of months and seasons as we do but for one year on mars it is 1.88 human years.
Mars has a heavy and strong structure and always will. Mars atmosphere extends about one hundred miles. There is a layer of permafrost that may pervade the upper crust. Its Crust is ten through eighty miles thick. The amount of miles it is from the core to the surface is 1,700 – 2,600 miles. Mars core is 1,600 – 2,500 miles in diameter.
Mars has almost the exact same atmosphere as Venus except the carbon dioxide is heavier on mars. On the atmosphere of Mars, ninety-six percent is carbon dioxide. 2.1% of mars are Argon.1.9% of mars is Nitrogen. 0.145% of mars are oxygen and 0.0557% of mars are carbon monoxide.
One of the greatest things on mars is Olympus Mons (Latin for Mount Olympus). Olympus Mons is a large shield volcano. It has the height of 22 kilometers which is 14 miles. To be exact, the peak is 21,229 meters or 69,649 feet above datum. That means that Olympus Mons is almost three times the size of Mount Everest. Olympus Mons is the second tallest planet in the solar system. It is the youngest out of the large volcanoes on mars which was formed on Mars’s Amazonian period.
Geography on mars is also known as areography which entails the delineation and characterization of regions on mars. Geography on mars is mostly focused on physical geography. On Earth, that is the distribution of physical features across mars and their cartographic representations.
On mars, the first observations were from ground based telescopes Most of these observations were marked by the oppositions of mars. For making observations. Scientists had to wait for the planet to get closest to earth when it was most visible so they could make their observations. It was even easier for...