Mid Term Paper

2063 words - 9 pages

Christianity vs. Judaism
Christianity and Judaism are two Abrahamic theologies that have comparable origins, but have various beliefs, practices and teachings. Founded in 1300 BC, Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world today. The Jewish theology began with Abraham, who God sent to Canaan, where it all began. Hebrews took Judaism as their first religion. 14 million people classify themselves as Jewish worldwide today. Coming from Judaism, Christianity was founded in 30 AD and originates from Canaan as well. Most people know that this religion was founded by the son of God, Jesus. Christianity has 2 billion followers worldwide and is one of the largest religions. Both ...view middle of the document...

Despite the fact that they believe in trinity, Christianity is still a monotheistic religion because Trinitarianism is a form of monotheism.
To continue, another important belief of Christianity is their notion of incarnation. They believe that Jesus was both a man and God. “The Word became flesh and lived among us”
(John 1:14). The term “incarnation’ refers to God becoming human flesh using Jesus’s body. Incarnation also plays an important part on the notion of Trinity. Col. 2:9 states, "for in him dwells all the fullness of deity in bodily form." The doctrine of the Incarnation touches and affects virtually every single area of Christianity because Jesus Christ is the heart of this religion, so without the belief of incarnation, Jesus and God’s identity would be unknown. Christians believe that incarnation is a sort of solution for human sin because when a human sins, he/she must be punished or someone must suffer in their place (Isaiah 53), but this someone must apply to two conditions: The fill-in must be human to replace for human suffering. It is said in Hebrews 2:14-17 that Jesus died for mankind because he took part of their humanity. Christians also believe that Jesus is Adam’s descendant, they call this the “The Last Adam”.
1 Corinthians 15:45 states “Thus it is written, ‘The first man Adam became a living being; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.’” .The belief of Jesus Christ being “The Last Adam” gives the Christians the idea that Jesus was a relative to all humans of all races. The second condition to fill-in for human suffering is; He must be fully divine. For an unearthly person to die, he had to add human nature. One important passage in the bible which talks about the belief of Jesus being the incarnation of God is Philippians 2:5-11 “[…] 8And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death—even death on a cross! […] 11and every tongue acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. On the other hand, Judaism completely rejects the belief of divine incarnation. The Jewish believe that God can never be represented into human form. Exodus 33:20 states “[…] you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live.” They acknowledge that human beings are made in his image and also understand that he will always be within reach in the world. Jews believe in the pre-existence of the soul—which is another form of incarnation. The Jewish are convinced that The Torah was created before the world and was used as an outline to create the universe, so the Torah is seen as a kind of incarnation. They also believe that Israel is an incarnation of the “Divine will”. The Christian belief of Incarnation is one important notion that separates Judaism and Christianity.
Furthermore, Jewish believe that every person, whether if the person is a Jew or not, is created in God’s image. “Created in God’s image” is more than 4 words, they may mean a lot, but...

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