Multilateralism And Small Developing States Essay

3335 words - 13 pages

Multilateralism serves to be both a blessing and a curse, when placed amongst small island developing states in the global system. The statement without a shadow of a doubt stands true that multilateralism can simultaneously advance and undermine the interest of small island developing states in the global system. Small island developing states lack the power, wealth and influence to exert any political clout in the global political arena at the individual state level and as such, often times than none, their interest are overlooked and ignored. A we take a critical look at multilateralism, the very definition of the word according to (Keohane,1990;731) defined multilateralism as “the practice of coordinating national policies in groups of three or more states.” By this very definition, we can see the contradictions that lies within, when looking at this through a Caribbean lens.
Multilateralism, where Caribbean states are involved in binding agreements, can be argued to be a contradiction on the basis of the contending international relations theories of Realism and Idealism. The first theoretical perspective to be undertaken will be the Realist perspective on states in the global political arena. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy states clearly that “Realism, also known as political realism, is a view of international politics that stresses its competitive and conflictual side. It is usually contrasted with idealism or liberalism, which tends to emphasize cooperation.(Baylis, Smith and Owens, 2011; 4) states that, “ the main actors on the world stage are states, which are legally sovereign actors. Sovereignty means that there is no actor above the state that can compel it to act in specific ways,. Other acrors, such as multinational corporations or international orgainisations, all have to work within the framework of inner-state relations… As a result, world politics (or more importantly for realist, internatonal politics) represents a struggle for power between states trying to maximize their national interest.” The negative side of the realists' emphasis on power and self-interest is often their skepticism regarding the relevance of ethical norms to relations among states. National politics is the realm of authority and law, whereas international politics, they sometimes claim, is a sphere without justice, characterized by active or potential conflict among states.” Looking at multilateralism through the lens of the realist, it is undeniably seen that because small developing states lack the power to push their agenda through, amongst the more powerful states. John Ruggie, limits multilateralism to action among three or more states “on the basis of generalized principles of conduct,” such as diffuse reciprocity. Ruggie’s definition is most valuable for studying possible transformations in world politics. Most multilateralism has been accompanied by discrimination among states, according to power, status, wealth or other...

Find Another Essay On Multilateralism and Small Developing States

Globalization a Boon or not for Developed Economies

3647 words - 15 pages trade from bilateral to regional to global. It shows that instead of being powerless spectators, nation-states have responded to globalization by weakening their commitment to the principles of multilateral trade and have engaged in the process of regional integration. Therefore Regionalism and not globalization is developing as the path to global free trade.(Michalak,1997) The protection of domestic markets has evolved into"fair" and "managed

natural disasters and infectious diseases Essay

762 words - 4 pages The focus of this paper will revolve around the areas of NATURAL DISASTERS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES and how they affect multilateralism in the Asia-Pacific region. Multilateralism as a whole in this region has been quite unique in its aspects, specifically within the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). This is because although states are willing and interested in part to send aid and relief products to other member states in times of

Presidential Doctrine Paper – The Reagan Doctrine

2136 words - 9 pages Beginning with the creation of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823, up to the current Obama doctrine, presidential doctrines have dominated United States foreign policy. A presidential doctrine highlights the goals and positions for United States foreign affairs outlined by the sitting president. Many of the country’s major foreign policy successes or disasters can be explained by tracing the doctrines of sitting or previous presidents and analyzing

Measuring the Effect of Regional and Preferential Trade Agreements on Multilateral Trading Systems

3758 words - 15 pages already exist helps in eliminating the RTAs to a simple duality that mention theabsence or presence of such an agreement. Recently, all the economists and political scientists have started reviewing and evaluating RTAs as commitment devices. Büthe and Milner argue that RTAs make an increment in FDI in developing countries because they act as a visible commitment to liberal economic policies. The visibility of RTAs makes going back on on them less

Canada, A Rising Middle Power

1816 words - 7 pages biggest or strongest, but were influential through other means. These were middle powers, and Canada is one of them. A middle power is a country that uses its influence on issues which are perceived as “minor” in the scale of international politics – often because the great powers are too busy with other incidents1. influential through soft power and multilateralism. Soft power can be defined as having a culture and policies that appeal to other

Evaluation of Charles Krauthammer's "The Unipolar Moment Revisited."

3537 words - 14 pages terrorists. This situation has only grown worse since the attacks of September 11th 2001 (9/11), which forced many states to align themselves behind the United States of America (USA). The future of the USA's unipolar position depends on whether it is going to be run by unwise leaders that paralyze its power with their obsessions for multilateralism, or strong and aggressive leaders that will unilaterally go out into the world and confront the

East Asian Politics

992 words - 4 pages security, eliminating income and development gaps, promoting and sustaining globalization and developing human resources, all of which are covered presently under the ASEAN plus three (Japan, mainland China and South Korea) framework. Economic development resulting to poverty reduction is another element of the East Asian Model achieved in cooperation with international organizations such as the World Bank and United Nations (UN). Strategies for

European Union: Theories and Analysis

1671 words - 7 pages member countries. Analysis the question is, have the trade and economic theories that formed the EU been effective? Or are the benefits overblown polled by the media and by the EU itself? This question can be answered in two ways; as a whole, Europe has probably been better off with the formation of the EU -- but by the same token, individual member states may be not have fared quite so well. For example, before the EU was formed, some small and

The Evolution of Manifest Destiny

992 words - 4 pages pursuit of justice and more secure in the quest for peace.” When Iraqi liberation attempts failed, the United States became the protector of at-risk populations. After H.W. Bush’s end in office, Clinton’s administration began with economic issues, leading to his case-by-case approach of promoting manifest destiny based on trade rather than military might. Despite ending a presidency without entering a war, small international scrimmages kept

'Regionalism is growing in importance.' Examine the evidence for this statement and analyse the impact for business

2453 words - 10 pages get access to the U.S. market, which stimulate the export to the United State. NAFTA eliminated barriers for textile and cotton trade between United States and Mexico. For example, in 1997, NAFTA proved a boon to the Mexican textile industries and assisted developing into a fast-growing exporter. As NATFA promotes to use regional inputs, all types of textile production are increasing. Mary Sutter (1997) describes an opinion from president of the

Globalization: Poverty and Equality

1876 words - 8 pages , trade, and financial transactions by banks and multinational corporations, with an increased role for the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, as well as the World Trade Organization. In her words, political globalization refers in part to an increasing tendency toward multilateralism, in which the United Nations plays a chief role, national non-governmental organizations act as overseers over governments, and international NGOs

Similar Essays

Sources Of Capital To Small And Medium Size Enterprise In Developing Countries

2583 words - 10 pages During the last two decades Small and medium size enterprises have played an increasingly important role for economies worldwide and continues to be an important tool for economies especially for the growth of developing countries. The main challenge faced is the level of credit risk. The goal for a bank is to maximize the risk - adjusted rate of return; hence managing credit risk is essential for long term profitability and lending. Loans

Trade Protection In Agriculture By European Union And The United States Results In Gains For Some And Loss For Others. Evaluate The Impact Of Us Farm Policy Or Eu Common Agriculture Policy On...

2328 words - 9 pages Question 2Trade protection in agriculture by European Union and the United States results in gains for some and loss for others. Evaluate the impact of US Farm Policy or EU Common Agriculture Policy on developing countries.The European Union (EU) is the agricultural leader among developed countries in international trade. It is well-known as a world's major food exporter. In 2010, for example, its agricultural exports, mainly processed foods

Neo China Politics Essay

4198 words - 17 pages states and the United States vacillate between containment and embracement. Beijing hopes that neighboring countries will react to a Chinese emergence by jumping on the bandwagon rather than attempting to balance out or contain China's rising powers (Roy p. 192). This partly explains China's new enthusiasm in multilateralism but with minimum costs. Economic multilateralism has proven to be relatively costless considering the amount of benefits

What Is The Wto And Its Doha Round Supposed To Achieve?

1856 words - 7 pages the principle of Consensus, this gave small and middle powers greater influence over negotiation and more interest in supporting the round. The two majors, the EU and US, were highly resistant to liberalization when it came to issues of agriculture and textiles. Long avoided in GATT, these sectors were brought back into the picture with the formation of WTO. Agreements were made to allow full access for textiles and clothing from developing