Naval Technology: 1450 1750 Essay

778 words - 4 pages

  The Early Modern Era saw great change in the field of naval technology. Exploration and the desire to expand trade fueled the development of new, more effective naval vessels. These vessels, in turn, contributed to the growth of worldwide trade and interconnection that marked the period.
  In 1453 the Ottomans took control of Constantinople, and effectively cut off direct European trade to East Asia. Because of this, in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, exploration in search of alternative routes became a key focus of Western European nations.
  The development of such vessels as the caravel and carrack allowed for the great expansion of this trade-driven exploration. The caravel, a small, lateen-rigged ship of 12-18 meters (Russel, 229) , was developed as a fishing boat in the early 13th century, in Portugal. Its maneuverability and speed made it possible for explorers, merchants, and fisherman alike, to go further, faster. The Caravel would become the backbone of early Spanish and Portuguese exploration, and the model on which many other vessels were based. Columbus used two caravels in his ‘discovery’ of the new world: the Niña and the Pinta; and Vasco Da Gama used the caravel Berrio in his expedition around Africa.
  The carrack, or nao, was a large, multi-decked ship that used a combination of square and lateen sails to ensure a balance of power and maneuverability. The carrack became the premiere ship of early exploration and trade as it was able to carry up to 1,000 tons(Johnston) and was capable of withstanding the lengthiest voyages. The premiere ships of the voyages of Columbus, De Gama, and Magellan were all carracks.
  These early vessels allowed for the mass exploration and colonization, of the Americans, the growth of trade with the East Indies, and the beginnings of the Columbian Exchange. However, by the mid 17th century, new vessels phased out the caravel and carrack, meeting the increasing needs of the Atlantic Trade.
  The foremost vessel of the 17th and 18th centuries was the galleon. The galleon was developed as to balance the relatively streamlined profile of the caravel and the size of the carrack. The resulting ship was able to carry as much, if more than a comparable carrack, while traveling substantially faster. This, along with the relative cost-effectiveness of producing one, made the galleon one of the (if not the) most widely used vessels throughout the...

Find Another Essay On Naval Technology: 1450-1750

Compare and Contrast on how Ming China and the Ottoman Empire viewed their merchant class

879 words - 4 pages 1450-1750 was an extremely important time in the history of the world. The most common type of government was an absolutist. Although specifics within civilizations were varied the general concepts were the same. Governments influenced everything from religion to social status to trade. Ming China and the Ottoman Empire were two major world powers at this time. They were both ruled by absolute rulers but not only did their governments vary but

Mumps in the Columbian Exchange Essay

875 words - 4 pages The Columbian Exchange was a trade network that was indisputably a major event in world history due to the exchange of ideas, crops, animals, and diseases between the Old World and the New World, making the world “smaller”; it is undeniable that had the Columbian Exchange not happened, all of our lives today would be drastically different. During 1450 to 1750 – the time period of the Columbian Exchange – the mumps, a virus that was originally

Change Over Time

793 words - 4 pages Plague, they fed on the blood of infected rats. Other than that, rats didn't seem to do much damage to Europe. While some people look as rats as being affectionate, intelligent rodents, others may look at them as being filthy and unappealing. During the time frame of 1450-1750, rats served as pests by spreading and eating all of the colonists' food, competing with small native animals of the New World, and today, the people of the U.S. have

The Various Effects of Sheep on the Economy and Populations

1027 words - 5 pages years ago. However, humans didn't figure out how to spin wool until 3,500 B.C. Sheep provided two necessities for human life – food and warmth, making them very significance. Sheep and their wool spread to Europe through ancient Greece between 3000 B.C. and 1000 B.C. The exchange of sheep during the Columbian Exchange between 1450 and 1750 C.E. evolved and progressed the economy of both the New and Old world, and affected the world politically and


5781 words - 23 pages the Western Hemisphere as a result of Spanish and Portuguese exploration and settlement.'03: Explain how advances in learning and technology influenced fifteenth- and sixteenth-century European exploration and trade.'05: Using examples from at least two different states, analyze the key features of the "new monarchies" and the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to 1550.'06: Analyze the effects of the Columbian exchange (the

European Imperialism

890 words - 4 pages European imperialism during 1450-1750, began as a plan to gain more riches for the European nations. The Europeans did this for three main reasons, which were for God, Gold, and Glory. The Europeans domination over Latin America, Africa and Asia were made out to be good for the native people of these lands. However, the Europeans were not there to help these geographic areas. They were there to spread their influence and gain riches for

Joseon Dynasty

2219 words - 9 pages accomplishments. King Taejong and Sejong had revolutionized politics and art. Scientists such as Jang Yeong-sil and Heo Jun had made tremendous advancements in many areas of architecture and medicine. Confucianism was embedded in the monarchy-style government and expanded itself. In conclusion, the Joseon Dynasty has positively transformed and has shown new heights to the modern country of Korea and its following empires. Works Cited "1450-1750

Examine the relationship between spelling and pronunciation in Old and Middle English and the attempts of reforms in orthography in later periods.Evaluate the reforms

2080 words - 8 pages followed by the Early modern English period of the Renaissance (AD 1450-1750) and the Modern English period of the Reformation (AD 1750-1950). English language gained a position in the political, commercial and science during the Renaissance. This period also marked the rising middle class into positions of importance in the commercial world. That means more people join the ranks of the educated and literate. Dictionaries helped to standardize

'The English language shows, in miniature, the history of England itself.' Discuss

2124 words - 8 pages followed by the Early modern English period of the Renaissance (AD 1450-1750) and the Modern English period of the Reformation (AD 1750-1950). English language gained a position in the political, commercial and science during the Renaissance. This period also marked the rising middle class into positions of importance in the commercial world. That means more people join the ranks of the educated and literate. Dictionaries helped to standardize

Western Civilization: A Very Brief Overview from the Romans to the Counter-Reformation

1056 words - 4 pages Italy through the eighteenth century known as the Enlightenment period. The Middle Ages ended and the modern ways emerged, commerce and industry grew and politically the government increased their circle of influence in strength and power. The rise of Protestantism fragmented the unity of Christendom, and the middle class increased in numbers and there was interest culturally towards literature and the arts. During 1450 to 1750, Western Europe

What Factors Made Rapid Industrialisation Possible In England (British Isles) Between 1750 - 1850?

1351 words - 5 pages China merchants, and was then exported by canal and ship. Clay was first transported from Cornwall, then was imported as better quality clays were found.During this 100 year period of 1750 - 1850, Britain changed from being a small island into a world empire. This was mainly achieved by modernised technology which is attributed to the Innovative idea's brought about by Inventors such as those that have been mentioned. The results were, better

Similar Essays

Naval Technology And Warfare: 1750 1900

848 words - 4 pages   The Modern Era saw great change in naval technology and warfare. The period saw the creation of explosive shells, iron-clad ships, steam-powered vessels, and more. Dramatic advances like these created considerable shifts in global political and economic power.   The political scene in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries can best be described by one word: revolutionary. It was a time not only for the revolution of people, but

Unit Test Part 2: More Global Interactions

779 words - 4 pages The changes and continuities in the island of Japan and the subcontinent of India between 1450 and 1750 differ greatly. Both empires unified their people and experienced a growth of population along with a economic increase. The empires in India and Japan experienced various changes from 1450 to 1750. When the great Gupta empire of India ended, the large subcontinent was controlled by many different clans. Each tribe was governed individually

The Effect Of Trade On Early Modern Europe

1365 words - 6 pages Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, n.d. Web. 2 Apr. 2014. . De Vries, Jan. "The Limits of Globalization in the Early Modern World." The Economic History Review 63.3 (2010): 710-33. Web. Koot, Gerald M. "The Role of Trade and Empire in European Economic Development to Ca 1870." Dartmouth/University of Massachusetts, 2013. Wiesner-Hanks, Merry E. "Economics and Technology, 1450-1600." Early Modern Europe, 1450- 1789. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2006. 200-35. Print.

Change In Diapers Trade In The Far East

1316 words - 5 pages After Europeans arrived in East Asia via the Indian Ocean, trade in the Far East changed dramatically moving towards a globalized economy. Between 1450 (39 years before the arrival of Vasco Da Gama) until 1750, the levels of trade in Asia reached a new peak; initial changes came in the form of the addition of new goods; and the eventual addition of colonization into the Indian Ocean Trade Network ultimately turned traditional “trade” into