Background Information on Nikolai Chebotaryov
Nikolai Chebotaryov was born on the fifteenth of June 1894. After many years of schooling, he realized that he was talented at mathematics, and soon after, he began his career as a mathematician at the age of fifteen. This is the age that he became deeply interested in mathematics. He had always been good at mathematics, but had never thought to pursue it until this age. His mother and father were very encouraging and they wanted him to pursue what he was good at, and what he loved: mathematics.
Nikolai Chebotaryov Mathematics Career
He was soon to go off to college in 1910, but he came down with a bad case of pneumonia, and had to postpone his attendance to college until he was eighteen. He soon earned his four-year degree in 1916 and then his masters in 1918 at the University of Kiev through a teacher by the name of Dmitry Grave, a famous Russian mathematician.
In 1921, he had to move to Odessa to help his parents, who had become very sick. But sadly, his father passed away the year following Chebotaryov’s arrival in Odessa. But the year of his father’s death, he proved what he is best known for, the density theorem. This made Dirichlet’s prime’s theorem, more general, by an arithimical progression, which was used by a mathematician named Artin in his reciprocity law in 1927.
Chebotaryov had a good job near Moscow, but was called to work a post, which is a terrible job, as it not only pays terribly, but also is also very uninteresting; as a result, he resigned. He then was successful at finding another job; however, it was another post. But he kept this job because it paid better than the previous job he had. He needed to keep a job until he found a good one that he enjoyed and that paid well.
Later, in 1925, when Chebotaryov was thirty-one, he decided to attend a meeting of the German Mathematical Society, which influenced him to pursue his dream of a mathematical career. So, to make his resume more presentable, he worked for, and received his doctorate from the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences with his doctoral thesis based on his discovery in 1922, the density theorem.
With his accomplishment of receiving his doctorate degree, he began to receive job offers from different colleges with teaching opportunities. With this happening, he was able to make one of his dreams happen by having a decently paying job, while working with mathematics. He decided to take a professors job at Kazan University in 1928. He lived and remained in Kazan for the rest of his life. Chebotaryov had soon developed an interest in the algebra of polynomials, specifically in the topic of distribution of zeros. While he was studying the...