Obesity Essay

1574 words - 7 pages

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to health problems. It also can be defined as abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can presents a risk to health. According to WHO, 2013, body mass index (BMI) is a measurement that can be obtained by dividing a person’s weight (in kilograms) by the square of the person’s height (in meters). “A person is considered obese when their BMI equal to or exceeds 30 kg/m2. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 kg/m2 is considered overweight”(WHO, 2013). Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity and genetic susceptibility. Obesity is major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer.
For our information, unconsciously overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk for global death. They were at least 2.8 million adults die each of the year due to the result of being obese. In addition, there are statistics that attributable to obese in which about 44% are diabetes burden, 23% are ischemic heart disease burden and between 7% and 41% of certain cancer burdens. Research had be done by some of World Health Organization(WHO) global that estimate from the year 2008; more than 1.4 billion are adults that around age 20 and older were overweight. Of these overweight adults, over 200 million men and nearly 300 million women were obese. Overall , more than 10 % of the world’s adult population were obese.(WHO, 2013). Besides that, based on BMI(Body Mass Index) there were nearly over 25 and only 5% obese Malaysians in 1996 rising to 14% in 2006 and 15% by 2012. There were “almost 50% of adult Malaysians are overweight or obese; with about 20% over the age of 30 afflicted by diabetes up from 14% in 2006 and that another 33% above the age of 30 have high blood pressure; with three in four Malaysians doing little or no exercise.” (New Strait Time,15 October 2012)
Most people not realize about the importance of the food pyramid that is the nutrition taken for their health. So, if this habit is being continuous by generation, the percentage of people become obese will increase as our country has the potential to be the top ranking in obesity. This is because they are not aware about causes that can contribute to obesity. the major causes that can lead to the obesity are stress, eating habit and too much television that contribute to less sleep and activity. First, stress is very common situation that will be faced by a lot of people in everyday life. For example, students and employees will be given a lot of tasks and assignments that need to be complete as soon as possible. So, they might be stress because of all the tasks. When people stressed, the adrenal glands also will be stressed that can contribute to weight gain. As well, low fatty acid intake and decreased serotonin...

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