Outliers Rhetorical Analysis

1056 words - 5 pages

The popular saying “practice makes perfect” has been used for many years encouraging younger generations to strive for success in whatever area they wish to excel in. Success is something everybody in society strides for but some do not know how it is achieved. However, there are many people throughout history who are known for achieving success in many areas. Malcolm Gladwell, a best selling author and speaker, identifies these people as being outliers. Gladwell identifies the word “outlier” in his story Outliers as “a scientific term to describe things or phenomena that lie outside normal experience.” Although Malcolm Gladwell does not establish credibility for himself in his novel, his targeted audience of a younger inexperienced generation feel the need to be informed by his detailed theories about becoming successful and eventually becoming an outlier. Although the reality of becoming successful can depend on instances one can not control, Gladwell tells his readers there is a great portion they can control through his theory, the 10,000 hour rule. He does this by using well presented logical persuasive appeals and interesting rhetorical devices such as: onomatopeias, exposition, and argumentation.
Gladwell’s 10,000 hour rule tells his readers that they are more likely to become successful by accomplishing 10,000 hours of practice with whatever they wish to be successful in. He starts off using an example with a group of violin players. The violin players that achieved the closest to 10,000 hours of practice were the more advanced musicians in the program compared to the other groups that did not practice as much. This would be an example of an effective logical appeal because of the clear contrast shown between the groups who had more hours of practice and the groups who barely had any practice at all. Gladwell then goes on to tell the story of famous successful people, such as Bill Gates and The Beatles, and how part of their success was achieved by the 10,000 hour rule. He puts these two stories side by side describing all the hard work and time these successors put into their passions before they were famous icons. As for The Beatles, he points out that they played together for over seven years before they came to The United States and that they also traveled around the world to places such as Germany, playing for eight hours a night, seven days a week. Gladwell shows the reader that Bill Gates’s story is quite similar. He explains that Bill Gates had access to a computer terminal in eighth grade, and as a result made Gates quickly addicted to computer programming. These two stories are also examples of logical appeals because the reader can logically infer that these popular icons did not find success out of luck or strictly raw talent, these icons practiced their craft from an early start and eventually acquired 10,000 hours to become successful in their craft. Although this theory is quite straight forward and Gladwell uses many...

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