Overview Of Multiple Sclerosis Essay

2509 words - 10 pages

This research paper, will discuss the pathophysiological, psychosocial, economic and cognitive effects which Multiple Sclerosis (MS) has on the affected individual, family and society. It will make mention of how a professional nurse would support the individual, the family/carer. Finally, the nursing process and the professional role of the nurse according to the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) code of conduct which sets a standard for all nurses and midwives (NMC, 2008) will be reviewed. It has been chosen because this chronic disorder is quite prevalent in the UK.

Primarily, the term MS refers to the chronic disorder that attacks the central nervous system (CNS). It is most common in temperate continents such as Europe and Australia with Asiatic and African continents having a lower risk of the disease (Wiley Online Library, 2013). A search organised by the Multiple Sclerosis Society (2013) has estimated that there are 127,000 people living with MS in the United Kingdom. Further research by Chipps, Clanin, and Campbell (1992, pp. 158-167) shows that MS disorder more likely affects women than men with its symptoms occurring between the ages of 20 and 40 and is quite uncommon in childhood and old age. Nerve cells known as neurons in the brain constantly transmit and receive signals. They invoke emotions, activities and cognition that constitute the day to day experiences of humans. Under normal circumstances, these signals travel on a protected insulation path known as the myelin sheath. This insulation is vital as it enables signals to reach their target. In Multiple Sclerosis, the myelin sheath gets disintegrated causing the nerve fibre to be damaged leading to a disruption in the ability of nerves cells to transport signals to their targets. Multiple sclerosis is triggered when immune cells penetrate the brain and spinal cord, pursue and attack them. The National Multiple Sclerosis Society (2013) states that nerve signals become disrupted as ongoing irritation and damage of tissues eventuate.

One symptom that MS patients encounter is fatigue. Symptoms of MS vary from person to person depending on gender, age and other factors. Fatigue is apparently one of the most familiar, impairing and confronting symptoms experienced by MS patients. It is to be noted that fatigue in MS is not the normal feeling of tiredness that we do have after a long day’s work (MS Society, 2013). This type of fatigue comes about with no obvious reason. Like all other chronic diseases MS affects individuals in various ways. There could be psychosocial effects relating to the patient, their family and the society. In relation to the individuals, their dependence on others could be a quite intimidating. Most MS diseased individuals often lose their sense of dignity as they will have to be assisted in daily activities such as bathing and emptying their bowels which are preferably done in private irrespective of the gender, cultural diversity and...

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