Participation In Urban Planning Of China

967 words - 4 pages

Participation in urban planning of China
Introduction
With the development of society and economic, public participation has been a popular topic which attracted people from different fields. On the basic of various theories of urban planning, a great amount of market economy countries have successively established public participation system in the field of urban planning. These successful experiences provide a good guide for China urban planning to use for reference, the changes in Chinese politics, economic system and social culture also provide an opportunity to do a new change on urban planning system of China. This article mainly introduces three planning theories which represent different degrees of participation in urban planning, and then an analysis of these three theories in connection to the status of urban planning of China will be provided. At the end of this article, I will give out several improvements in relation to the issues in urban planning of China.

Rational-comprehensive planning theory
Auguste Comte has offered rational-comprehensive planning theory in 18th century, who first put forward the concept of the theory. He believes that people could realize a superior state of civilization with the help of science of technology and sociology,which is still the mainstream urban planning thought by now (Mäntysalo, 2005). The core thought of the theory of rational-comprehensive planning is the combination of the approaches of classical science with the studies of society and social phenomena. Comte stated that planners should be the neutral observers who should seek for the truth of knowledge (Mäntysalo, 2005). In another way, it is necessary for planners to keep comprehensive when they are planning in the theory of rational-comprehensive planning, especially in the process of analysing planning problems. The theorists of rational-comprehensive planning thought that through encyclopedic, long-term, comprehensive analyses of development of cities, could put out long-term master plan with high accuracy. According to Friedmann (1987), the goal of rational-comprehensive planning is to protect “public interest”. That is to say, rational-comprehensive planning is the approach to find solutions of common benefit through scientific analysis, which means there is no need to bring participation in. Theorists paid more attention on the experts and technology which are considered the main elements to solve social problems and improve the society to a higher level of civilization. On the contrary, public participation was considered an interference factor in the process of planning analysis, because individuals might influence the objectivity of planning analysis because of individual motivations, which then lead to damage to public interest. Theorists put planners on the position of elite, thought planners are the professionals who are qualified to define the ends and means of planning with the aid of scientific methods (Banfield...

Find Another Essay On Participation in Urban Planning of China

Caste System Influnce In Indian Urban Planning

504 words - 3 pages Mr. Narendra Rajbanshi Senior Town Planner, Municipal Corporation of Jaipur "Influence of Caste System and Religion in Indian Urban Planning" Mr. Rajbanshi started by noting that the caste system is more prevalent in India than in the rest of the world. The caste system divides people into classes. India initially had four classes of people which were; The Brahamins (noblemen), Kshatriya's (warriors), Vaish (economist or traders

Family Planning Policy in China Essay

1643 words - 7 pages ​Throughout the 19th century, parents could determine the size of their own family especially their children. Due to the recent excessive population growth the world is facing, this decision is not being determined by parents in China anymore. Parents, as guardians, have certain rights and responsibilities that could be considered as violated when The Family Planning Policy was passed, however, this policy was passed to benefit and protect our

The Impact of Rural-Urban Migration on the Provision of Care for Older People in China

2421 words - 10 pages Intrigued by Global Care Chain theory and the shifts of elderly care under the national rural-urban migration trend, this study aims to propose the new research direction of the national care chain in China. In the background section, the starting point of Global Care Chain will be followed by the status of elderly care and rural-urban migration contributions in China. Considering methods, this study collects secondary data and designs a survey

Environmental Holism and the Biophilic Hypothesis in Urban Planning

1376 words - 6 pages Sustainability is becoming a much more common approach to many parts of society, a major one being urban planning. This technical and political process is concerned with the use of land and design of the urban environment. Transportation networks, housing, and preservation and conservation of natural systems are all considered in urban planning. Though many ideas about sustainable living communities and urban planning have been proposed, most

Washington, D.C.: The First Example of Urban Planning

1689 words - 7 pages years . The process of designing Washington is considered an example of what historic preservationists have defined as urban planning today. President Washington along with several commissioners carefully surveyed the land to identify particular locations to use and was aware of selecting and designating areas for residential, governmental, public and commercial areas. Pierre Charles L’Enfant, the main designer and one of Washington’s

The Role of Participation in Budgeting

2190 words - 9 pages , planning, and controlling¡¯. (http://www.yourwebassistant.net/glossary/b11.htm#budgeting) Comparing the budget with the real achievement of the company, it is possible to improve the decision-making process for the future development of the enterprise. So budgeting takes a crucial role in management accounting. Therefore, studying how to make budget setting more effective is important for the benefit of the enterprise. Participation in budgeting is

The Benefits of Youth Participation in Sports

1603 words - 6 pages , 1994).A large psychological benefit of sport participation is that sports can boost the self esteem of the people participating. The self-esteem of children is boosted when parents, coaches, and other teammates give the child positive feedback and show a sense of pride in what the child has accomplished (Bilich, 2006). Numerous studies have shown that girls who participate in physical activity such as sports are more likely to have more positive

Participation of Women in the Workforce

2280 words - 9 pages Since the late 1970s, the participation of women in the workforce has dramatically changed from women traditionally following their mother’s footsteps to obtaining an independent career of their own. According to Resident Scholar, Christina Hoff Sommers of the Huffington Post, "there are far more women than men in college, and they earn more than fifty-eight percent of [the] college degrees [in the year of 2013]." However, some women in the

An Exploration of Borders in Urban Spaces

3688 words - 15 pages view to reintegrate abandoned waterfront areas into the city (S. Kostopoulou, 2013). Hence, the redesign of the deindustrialized waterfront infrastructure has become an international phenomenon of urban intervention. The methodology and process behind waterfront interventions have been captured in a rich literature the last decades, stressing the importance and magnitude of waterfront renewals from an economic, social and planning aspect

The impact of Widening Participation upon education in this Country

820 words - 3 pages Widening participation is a key government strategy in which students are taken in fromsocial groups or communities that have not traditionally entered higher education. Whilstmost institutes will welcome a new source of students, they recognise that these studentsare likely to have different learning skills/expectations and research suggests they arelikely to need additional support if they are to succeed. As a key government target is

Oppression: Citizen’s Neglect and Lack of Participation in Government

1776 words - 8 pages , and it is the citizen who can take it away. In the United States, people pride themselves for championing freedom. Whether or not one is convinced of the state of their liberty, there are far more oppressive states. The Communist Party of China (CPC), for instance, openly oppresses its people. It imprisons political enemies and makes it difficult for its people’s voices to speak for themselves. Phelim Kine, the deputy Asia director of Human

Similar Essays

Urban Poverty In China Essay

2019 words - 9 pages Over the past two decades, China has experienced rapid economic growth, which has also brought about a rise in social and economic inequality. A nation that once operated under the principle of egalitarianism, China now struggles with a level of inequality that has surpassed most of its East Asia neighbours. In the 1980’s, poverty was a problem restricted mainly to rural areas, but recently it has forayed into urban areas as well. Since the mid

The History Of Urban Planning Essay

961 words - 4 pages Evidence of urban planning exists since antiquity. In ancient Greece the first settlements grew to be cities were following no particular urban plans mainly with the exception of their acropolises. However excess population growth in these city states lead to the colonization wave of the mediterranean during what is known as classical antiquity. The colonies were founded by their metropolises after carefully selecting their locations, providing

Obesity Of School Aged Children In Urban Area In China

760 words - 4 pages available, publication date 10 years, and child: 7-13 years. In addition, articles which survey big city in china will be priority. Part2 Introduction Background Obesity is chronic metabolic disease. It character is the excess body fat has accumulated in human body. This kind of issue was happened in people in developed countries. However, with development of economy, people in developing countries are suffering this issue as well. Topic and

How Is Rural Urban Migration Shaping The Provision Of Care For Older People In Urban China

1386 words - 6 pages Intrigued by Global Care Chain theory and the shifts of elderly care under the national rural-urban migration trend, this study aims to explore the role of rural migrants in the elderly care labour market in urban China. In the background section, the starting point of Global Care Chain will be followed by the status of elderly care and rural-urban migration contributions in China. Considering methods, this study collects secondary data for