Planning, Conducting And Evaluating Educational Research

2637 words - 11 pages

The planning that occurs behind educational research is an intricate process thus in addition to establishing a research problem and purpose and reviewing literature, inquirers must determine the best experimental design that fits their needs. Even though experiments may share characteristics, “their use and application vary depending on the type of design used” (Creswell, 2008, p. 310). Therefore understanding the types of experimental designs commonly used to inquiry about educational thematic is useful to identify the design whose approach will contribute the success of the research. The two major umbrellas of experimental design include between-group and within-group designs, which are further broken down into three subcategories of experimental design according to their characteristics. On the one hand, the between-group design offers an approach in which the inquirer is able to compare two or more clusters of subjects exposed to various degrees of interventions (Creswell, 2008). The between-group design is widely used in various fields given its ability to provide information that compares the interventions to a control group just as majority of the scientific experiments conducted in a science laboratory. In contrast, the within-group design offers an approach geared towards observations of the participants as they themselves become the control of the experiment (Creswell, 2008). Given the distinction among the between-group and within-group designs, it is critical to compare and contrast the six types of experimental design that fall under each of these categories.

The differences in characteristics of design further subcategorize the between-group design into three experimental designs that include true experiment, quasi-experiment, and factorial (Creswell, 2008). Though these three designs share, common characteristics that classify them as between-group designs these also share commonalities with one only other group as well. In the case of the characteristics shared by true experiment, quasi-experiment, and factorial designs, these include the comparison of two or more groups of individuals, measuring the dependent variable once, and the use the same tool as the control in the experiment (Creswell, 2008). Despite the similarities shared by the three designs, in some cases, two out of the three experimental designs share a characteristic. For example, the true experiment and quasi-experiment share the same number of interventions used in their experimental design. Whereas these two designs “manipulate at least one condition of an independent variable,” the factorial design manipulates at least two or more interventions (Creswell, 2008, p. 305). In this case, a researcher may opt to look only at one form of the condition investigated to have an effect on the dependent variable that is relevant to a true or quasi-experiment. Perhaps in a future study, the same researcher may want to investigate the effect of the condition...

Find Another Essay On Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Educational Research

Health promotion: evaluating and analysing existing campaigns and creating own research tools ie: questionnaire

1132 words - 5 pages chosen to live their lives that way. The target is mainly aiming to use behaviour change methods to achieve it's outcomes as well as the educational method.Task TwoThere are many outside agencies that support health campaigns related to drug use and misuse. The sectors involved in the above target include:ØMinistry of health and social welfareØMinistry of national educationØMinistry of internal affairs and administration&Oslash

INTRODUCTION TO MARKET RESEARCH AND PLANNING. THE THEORY AND PRACTICE AND THE BENEFITS

1818 words - 7 pages were planning to expand or regenerate their product.When conducting research, you have to use a sample of your population. The reason why you use a sample is because you can't physically research every single person in the country, unless you are the Government and you are conducting a census. Your sample should consist of people who fit into the research requirements. Sampling is cost and time effective, which are extremely important to the

Identifying and evaluating health related data available on the internet Research area – Smoking

575 words - 3 pages Outline of organisation and research area. The NSW Department of Health was established in 1921. It is a large provider of health services for people in NSW. They support the government in health and hospital systems, focusing primarily on healthcare and early intervention. The department of health encourage a better healthcare system for people living in rural and remote areas and improve health education. Scientific evidence shows that

Perfect Research

926 words - 4 pages unrealistic and Utopian thought. On the other hand, because there is no perfect research and no one could conduct one, the nature imperfection has paved the way and becomes propulsion for humans to pursue new knowledge without stop. Works Cited Cresswell, J. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. 3rd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2008. Print. Mills, G. "Data

Guidelines for Action Research

1191 words - 5 pages this is the context, the practise can be changed into the concept of educational management with social and or educational engineering. Educational researchers are drawn to Carr and Kemiss’ understanding of action research because the primary focus of the theory is that of the teacher/practitioner. The idea and ‘modis operandi’ of any teacher/practitioners practise’ is to use self-reflection in day to day planning, and as a way of working, it

Create a Discussion Section

1682 words - 7 pages ., & Gadner, R. (2004). Applying qualitative methods to marketing management research. , UK: Palgrave Macmillan. Creswell, J. W. (2005). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Kolter, P., & Keller, K. L. (2009). Marketing

Best Practices and Research Problems

1604 words - 6 pages care: A practical guide. Maidenhead, England: McGraw-Hill Open University Press. Creswell, J. W. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Best Practices for Concept Paper Development. (2010). Retrieved February 19, 2012, from Northcentral University_School of Education: http://learners.ncu.edu/ncu_diss/default.aspx

The Role of Educational Institutions in New Business Trends

1163 words - 5 pages world. In contrast, the new business strategy relies on a tremendous amount of information for management and production. Therefore, the ability to evaluate information is a significant aspect of today’s business. Meanwhile, educational institutions should focus on and play the role of teaching students in research efficiently. Educational Institutions Influence Students in Information Competence According to customer centric strategy is a

Ethnographic Research Design

1235 words - 5 pages research. Although identifying the need for a design that allows the researcher to collect data that facilitates the understanding of human behavior in the context of culture-sharing groups, the researcher also needs to determine how to analyze the data and the study’s purpose. Only after a complete evaluation, will the researcher properly identify the ethnographic research design most appropriate to address the research question and supports the ideas presented in the purpose statement. Works Cited Creswell, J.W.(2008). Educational Research: Planning Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Pearson 3rd Ed.

Constructing a Theoretical Framework

1557 words - 6 pages : Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc. Desjardins, F. (2010, July 19). Theoretical Framework [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcnufgQzMjc Leedy, P., & Ormrod, J. E. (2010). Practical Research Planning and Design. Upper Saddle River: Pearson. Pajares, F. (2007). Elements of a proposal. Available from the author. Theoretical Framework in Dissertations: A Brief Discussion. (2010, April 16). Retrieved February 24, 2012, from Northcentral University Dissertation Center: http://learners.ncu.edu/ncu_diss/default.aspx?attendance=Y

The Role of Educational Institutions in New Business Trends

1158 words - 5 pages practice, and become a proficient through learning conducting research course in schools (Badke, 2009; Johannessen & Olsen, 2010; Russell, 2009; Turusheva, 2009). Therefore, educational institutions may seriously dare to take responsibility in teaching students to be a professional in research that also allow students to leverage their critical thinking skills. Badke also asserts “information literacy … is foundational” (2009, p. 49). In which, Donald

Similar Essays

Importance And Benefits Of Educational Research

1497 words - 6 pages Importance and Benefits of Educational Research “When a student is ready, the teacher appears” is an ancient Buddhist proverb that is packed with wisdom (Smith, 2002). No matter how hard a teacher tries, if the student is not ready to learn, chances are good he or she will not bet. Luckily, students are present in the classroom because they want to be. Introduction When school-age children first enter the classroom, there is apprehension

Quantitative And Qualitative Approaches To Educational Research: Strenghs And Weaknesses

3370 words - 13 pages better educational environment. Consequently, action research is commonly used by educators and school administrators to solve local problems.As well, qualitative methods such as observation and unstructured interviews allow investigators to portray a more complete "picture" of the social phenomena under investigation. Phenomenology, which is a term used to refer to a method for the description of categories of lived experiences (Fielding, 2001

Action Research For Educational Change, Improvement And Reform

2209 words - 9 pages Action Research for Educational Change, Improvement and ReformEdu.7374Dr. Linda A. CatelliBy Stephanie AlkesAction research is a multi-faceted type of research. It can be used for school based curriculum development, professional development, systems planning, school restructuring, and as an evaluative tool. In this essay I will define and explain action research including its purposes, key characteristics, levels and history. I will describe

Individual Field Research: Rural, Suburban, And Urban Educational Systems

1288 words - 6 pages The rural poverty topic that my group chose to address is a comparison between public education systems located in urban, suburban, and rural counties within the state of Georgia. The counties selected to research are Fulton, Cobb, and Clarke. The purpose of the project is to determine how location, demographics, and legislation affect individual educational resources, experiences, and outcomes for children of low income families. Education