Plcy Essay

1958 words - 8 pages

Both China and North Korea have their share of issues regarding hunger in their countries, but the issues are handled quite differently. For many decades, China’s economy has been a booming success in the urban areas. Unfortunately, the success in the urban areas pulled much attention away from any type of growth in the rural areas of China. In fact, according to the International Fund For Agricultural Development, close to 40 percent of the China’s rural population work in farming, which yields low productivity and even lower net profits (“Rural Poverty Portal”, para. 5). Even living on farms, these families still lack enough food to eat, as well as the means to travel for more food. Luckily, due to China’s intense focus on meeting the Millennium Development Goal, they have reduced hunger in the rural areas by almost 50 percent. In 2000, the UN signed a declaration to solve eight major problems in the international community, one of those being the eradication of extreme hunger and poverty. As a result, it became the responsibility of each country to halve the percentage of people suffering from hunger (“Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger”, 2013, sect. 3). As a response, starting in 2006, China implemented a number of new policies that would make food more accessible and available to the rural impoverished. As summarized by José Griziano da Silva, they removed all agricultural taxes and replaced them with subsidies, allowed for free market forces to stimulate agricultural productivity, and invested in agricultural research and infrastructure. In addition to the market-geared policies, China enforced policies that allowed free, mandatory education, medical care systems, and living stipends for rural students and families (Griziano da Sliva, 2013).
The Chinese government responded to the issue of rural hunger by supplying economic safety nets to protect people who were generally unprotected from economic changes of urbanization. Although China has a long way to go in terms of closing the nutrition and hunger gap between those in the urban areas and those in the rural areas, they have made great bounds. The next piece of legislation the Chinese government should attack in order to reduce hunger even further is their hukou system, which has systematically stopped any progress in the rural areas since the era of the dynasties. Fortunately, the Chinese government is already working on policy reforms and legislation to counteract this system.
Many people blame the state of the North Korean citizens on the fact that it has a centrally planned government, but China stands as a contention to that argument. The problem with North Korea, and why it is failing, has less to do with what they call their government and more to do with how they enforce their policy. Even more than that, their failure has more to do with the issue that North Korea refuses to focus on the fundamental issues of the nation. Over the past seven decades,...

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