Policy Recommendations To Improve Transportation In Kabul

3551 words - 14 pages

Afghanistan has suffered from decades of war and conflicts. During these decades of war and due to lack of regular maintenance much of the transportation infrastructure has either been damaged or has deteriorated. This paper presents an overview of the current challenges of transportation in Kabul in particular the traffic jam by using some geographical theories, experiences, and methodologies will propose some policy-oriented recommendations and opportunities for improving the transportation situation. Thus, efforts are made to analyze the problem of traffic jam and its cause and effects. Moreover, this paper explains the history of the problem, nature of the problem, and the reason why government failed to bring change or improve this system and why it has reach to the extent that public is demanding for change, and finally some possible solutions to this problem along with some feasible recommendations. Furthermore, it will also discuss the demographics of Kabul, the system of roads, the traffic composition and demand, the public transportation system, the traffic regulations, highway safety, transportation security and vehicle emissions. Moreover, Kabul is dealing with some serious cases of traffic jam nowadays and it should be taken under consideration both from government and from citizens. There are many problems to deal with such as lack of paved and substandard roads and traffic control devices, lack of traffic lights, lack of public awareness for traffic regulations, no compliance of traffic regulations, lack of enforcement, lack of comprehensive traffic regulation, and distracted drivers. Also, it affects the society in negative ways like air pollution, traffic congestion, and accidents.
Background to the problem
Due to the terrible political situation in Afghanistan between 1992 and 2001 many Afghans left the country and been immigrated to other countries. The deadly conflicts, clashes, and bloody civil war stopped all sort of development in the countries in addition to that destroyed the infrastructure of several provinces, mainly the capital, Kabul City. The infrastructures that were built during Russian and King Amanullah Khan had changed the shape of city mainly in transportation system. In 1960s and 70s the city did not had any traffic problem (Ahad, 2012). Unfortunately, the civil war destroyed and deteriorated many roadways facilities such as traffic circles, sidewalks, drainage systems, traffic signals and signs, trolleybuses, and public transit buses. In 2001 after fall of the Taliban and creation of a new Interim government the reconstruction and development started over. With the assistance of the international community and in particular the United State billions of dollars were pumped to Afghanistan to start the process of rebuilding and developing the infrastructures, economic, and security. As the reconstruction efforts actually began in 2002, the city infrastructure could have been build for more than 9 million...

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