Pplato And Aristotle Essay

2373 words - 10 pages

Both Plato and Aristotle have an extensive idea on who should rule a state, they both had an idea on how to improve existing societies during their lifetimes. Plato’s main argument on why philosophers were fit to be rulers was because they had better education. This aspect was based on four virtues which are wisdom, courage, moderation and justice. Justice has to do with harmony that results when everyone is actively engaged in fulfilling his role and does not meddle with that of others. Plato sought to cure the afflictions of both human society and human personality, which creates the conclusion that every citizen in a society has a functional roles to fulfill, including the guardians which is the logical reason to rule because they are deemed fit. Plato’s utopia consists of three distinct hereditary class system. The guardian; ruling and non ruling guardians, The non rulers; civil servants and society’s policy makers, Auxiliaries; soldiers and minor civil servants. Aristotle, unlike Plato, he is not concerned with perfecting society. All he wants to achieve is improving the existing one. He wants the society to reach the best possible system that could be attainable through the many ruling. This essay will argue the fact that both philosophers; Plato and Aristotle have different political view. It will transcend on Plato’s view of the wise and the few ruling; it will transcend on Aristotle’s view of the many to rule the affairs of a state.
In book IV of The Republic Plato gives the best insight into what he believes a philosopher should be, and the nature of such people. A philosopher is obsessed to have a driven vision of a mission, he is driven by the love for wisdom. “let the guardians take care of education, and education will take care of all other things.” (Republic, pg. 47) Plato believes that the guardians (those who rule) must be physically strong, fast member, lover of wisdom, poetry/music, knowledge, he should have power over his desire and is not afraid of death. For Plato it is a place between light (knowledge) and darkness (ignorance). In his argument, Plato also equates knowledge to truthfulness, and he describes the philosopher as a noble man who will always desire the truth and hate falsehood. In Book V of The Republic, Plato gives insight on the nature of a philosopher. His theory is logical because a philosopher will always make a right decision and also he/she will rule with wisdom. Also the rulers will be free from the means to own a property, have money, they will be free of vices, excesses and desires. He is going to have a Spartan existence. In his dialogue, Plato described a ruler to be one which will be free of corruption, money should not be put in the hands of citizens because it corrupts. Plato also believes that Philosophers should rule, or failing this, that kings should be educated as philosophers. He creates a hybrid of the “philosopher-kings”, he describes how this group can be defined, identified and...

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