Evidence For Information Processing In The Brain

2702 words - 11 pages

I'll show in an initial section (I.) that the kind of analogy between life and information – that seems to be central to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in the life evolution in Universe – is like the design argument and that if the design argument is invalid, the argument to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in the life evolution in Universe is also unfounded and invalid.
However, if we are prepared to admit (though we should not do) this method of reasoning as valid, I'll show in an second section (II.), that the analogy between life and information to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in the life evolution in Universe seems suggest some type of reductionism of life to information, but biology respectively chemistry or physics are not reductionist, contrary to what seems to be suggested by the analogy between life and information.
I.
The analogy between life and information - for example, pattern recognition, with hierarchical structure and suitable weightings for constituent features (Kurzweil 2012) - seems to be central to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in the life evolution in Universe, since information (namely, pattern recognition) is supposed to be the essence of mind and all information (namely, pattern recognition) is implemented by the same basic neural mechanisms. And since we can replicated these mechanisms in a machine, there is nothing to prevent us from set up an artificial mind—we just need to install the right pattern recognizers.
However, this analogy is of the same kind of analogy involved in, for example, the argument from design.
The design argument presented and criticized, for example, by Hume in his Dialogues concerning natural religion (1779), can be formulated as the classic watchmaker analogy as follow.
1. The clock for its complexity and the way is ordered, is a machine that has to have an intelligent author and builder, with proportional capacities to his work - the human watchmaker.
2. The world, for its complexity and the way is ordered, it is like a clock.
3. So, the world also has to have a smart author and builder, with proportional capacities to his work - the divine watchmaker (God).
Basically, this argument holds that, just as a clock before being built, we can assume the existence of an intelligent being who built it in a certain order, also for the world, we can assume the existence of an intelligent being who built it according with a specific purpose, given the similarities between a watch and the world. While in the first case the most plausible hypothesis for the builder of the clock would be a human watchmaker, in the second case the most plausible hypothesis for the builder of the world would be a "divine watchmaker" because only this could be capable of such a work.
This argument is an analogy, but, as we shall see below, raises several problems.
Consider: it...

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