Prostate Cancer Essay

2109 words - 9 pages

1.Epidemiology
A.History

Prostate Cancer was first described by a venetian anatomist Niccolo Massa in 1536 , it was not fully identified until 1853. Prostate cancer beleive it or not was actually first considered a rare disease,most likely because back then there was shorter life expectancy and poorer detection methods..

Prostate cancer as of 2011 is the second most frequent cancer and the sixth B. Diagnosis cause of deaths of males worldwide. Deaths were up from 156,000 in 1990. In 2010 , 256,000 deaths were resulted because of prostate cancer. Rates of the cancer vary across the world. It is least common in East and South asia, and most common in North america, Europe, New Zealand and Australia. Among asian men prostate cancer is least common, and most common in black men, with figures of white men in between. The annual incidence rate of prostate cancer among the time of 1988 to 1992, chinese men in the U.S. is 15 times higher than the rate/number is in china. However by an amount of increasing detection, that is another reason for these high rates. Suggestions is that Prostate cancer could be under reported, yet some incidence in China and Japan is similar to those in Western areas. In 2012, Europe was the 3rd largest diagnosed after breast and colorectal cases at 417,000.
Primarily, Prostate Cancer develops in men who are above 50 years. It is the most common in men in the United States with 186,000 new cases in 2008 and with 28,600 deaths. It is the second cause of cancer death in the U.S. after lung cancer. In the U.k. it is also the second related cause of cancer death, where around 35,000 are diagnosed and 10,000 die every year because of it.
80% of men will develop this cancer by the age of 80. In the majority of cases, however, it will be slow growing and harmless. In some men diagnosing prostate cancer is overdiagnosis or the needles identification of a aberrant condition that will never harm them. And treatment in such men exposes them, to all of the adverse effects with no possibility of extending their lives.

B.Diagnosis
i.Symptoms

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer include the following:
1.Trouble Urinating
2.Blood in Urine
3.Blood in Semen
4.General pain in lower back, hips or thighs.
5.Discomfort in Pelvic area
6.bone Pain
7.Erectile Dysfunction
ii.Tests

Screening refers to testing to find a disease such as cancer. For some types of cancer , screening can help find them at in early stage so they can be easily cured. The goal of screening is to help people to be healthier and have longer lives. The screening of prostate cancer is to find it early in hopes of treating it more effectively.
There are two types of prostate cancer small cell carcinoma and big cell adenocarcinoma. Small Carcinoma is a rare type of prostate cancer and only 1-2% cases are small cell cancer (SCCP). Since this type of cancer does vary the prostate levels very much it is usually only diagnosed at an advanced stage, usually after metastasis....

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