The IDP project in Bosasso, Punt land Somalia, was established in 2007 by UN and With aim of improving human security and living standards and providing durable solutions with reintegration and resettlement of IDPs [ ] and returnees in Bosaso, Somalia. (UN2008) The project was very strategic and contextual; and it tried to find basic problems in the area and creates a solution based on the existing opportunities and with limited financial funds gained from NGOs.
The goals of the project were to create better ways to protect temporary and permanent settlements from violence; to create improved living condition that gives access to basic services (including infrastructure, drinking water, and education and health services); to provide income generation opportunities and to plan resettlement of the IDP on the alternative rural land. The project helped thousands of IDPs and immigrants to resettle and start a better life. Besides this the project contributed in upgrading human knowledge in terms of educational training for IDPs, municipal workers and authorities. It also structured legal matters like security of tenure that later became a reference for the rest of municipalities in Somalia. Its success has been replicated to other IDPs in Bosasso and other cities of the country.
Bosaso is a city in the northeastern region of Somalia. It is a commercial capital for the region and is a major seaport within the autonomous Puntland state. The city has a population of 700,000 and is the third largest in the country after Mogadishu  and Hargeisa. Due to its less proximity from the war zone, it is relatively peaceful part of the country. It is a place of attraction for the immigrants from war stricken areas of the country. With more than 2000 immigration of IDPs into the city every year, the city’s population is increasing faster. Today, it is a place for almost 50,000 registered internally displaced people (USAID).
Since the collapse of the Siyad Barre regime in 1991, Somalia has been in a state of disorder. The clash between the government and the warlords and clan leaders has left the country lawless and without order (Chalinder 1998). The repetitive war and disagreement in between these warlords has led thousands of Somalis migrate across the cities fleeing away from war and drought (Quero, 2011). Bosasso has become one of the destinations for the internal migrators of Somalia. (Hassan 2012) Until 2007, there were about 35,000 IDPs in Puntland of which 22,000 are to be found in Bosasso, a relatively peaceful part of Somalia. When it comes to human rights and living security, IDPs are one of the most unprotected people in Somalia. They have no force protection from timely attacks of the warlords. The dimension of most of the shelters is 3 by 3 or less with the cost of construction of 50 dollars average. These shelters are vulnerable to rain and fire. (IDMC 2006).Besides this, the...