Qualitative Vs Quantitative Research Essay

1042 words - 4 pages

The father of quantitative analysis, Rene Descartes, thought that in order to know and understand something, you have to measure it (Kover, 2008). Quantitative research has two main types of sampling used, probabilistic and purposive. Probabilistic sampling is when there is equal chance of anyone within the studied population to be included. Purposive sampling is used when some benchmarks are used to replace the discrepancy among errors. The primary collection of data is from tests or standardized questionnaires, structured interviews, and closed-ended observational protocols. The secondary means for data collection includes official documents. In this study, the data is analyzed to test one or more expressed hypotheses. Descriptive and inferential analyses are the two types of data analysis used and advance from descriptive to inferential. The next step in the process is data interpretation, and the goal is to give meaning to the results in regards to the hypothesis the theory was derived from. Data interpretation techniques used are generalization, theory-driven, and interpretation of theory (Gelo, Braakmann, Benetka, 2008). The discussion should bring together findings and put them into context of the framework, guiding the study (Black, Gray, Airasain, Hector, Hopkins, Nenty, Ouyang, n.d.). The discussion should include an interpretation of the results; descriptions of themes, trends, and relationships; meanings of the results, and the limitations of the study. In the conclusion, one wants to end the study by providing a synopsis and final comments. It should include a summary of findings, recommendations, and future research (Black, Gray, Airasain, Hector, Hopkins, Nenty, Ouyang, n.d.). Deductive reasoning is used in studies of this kind (Gelo, Braakmann, Benetka, 2008).
Qualitative Research
Qualitative research is used to provide a way to develop an understanding for the perspective of one living with complex happenings (Shah, Corley, 2006). There are many benefits to this method: discovering new variable and methods, disclosing and comprehending intricate practices, and showing the impact of the communal setting (Shah, Corley, 2006). Purposive sampling is the main method of use, which allows the in depth study of information rich cases. The primary data collection is open-ended interviews, focus groups, and naturalistic observation protocols. Naturalistic observation protocols are accounts of occurrences or experiences by the researcher in the field of study. The secondary data collection is from official documents and personal documents. The collected data is then analyzed using content or thematic analysis. This analysis looks and determines reoccurrences of some kind, then they are systematically identified, and grouped together by a coding system. Coding is a process used to help reflect broader perspectives. The data is interpreted through contextualization, data-driven, and personal interpretation. The interpreted data gives meaning...

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