Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, a German theoretical physicist, won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1918 at the age of sixty. Planck is often referred to as the father of Quantum Theory thanks to his revolutionary discoveries regarding light and energy and how his discoveries led to the creation and growth of the Quantum Theory. In the early 1900 ‘s Planck theorized that oscillating atoms absorb and emit energy not in a continuous fashion, but rather, in discrete packets of light that would later be known as “quanta” and eventually “photons”. Furthermore, he created an equation that could model the energy of each photon.  Planck’s work opened the doors of discovery for other physicists such as Einstein to build upon these theories and complete the quantum theory we now know and love to learn about.
E = hv
E = energy of the photon
h (planck’s constant) = 6.62606957(29) × 10-34
v (sometimes f) = frequency of light
The great physicist, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, was born on April 23rd, 1858 in the capital city of northern Germany, Kiel to father Johann Julius Wilhelm Planck and mother Emma Patzig. Being the son of his father’s second wife, and 6th child of the family did not hold back Max whatsoever. At the age of nine, when his family moved to Munich, Planck was admitted into Maximillian Gymnasium, a renowned secondary school in Munich, where his love for physics and mathematics blossomed. When he graduated early at the age of 17, he chose to pursue his first love of physics, over music. Despite this decision, he remained an excellent recreational musician, often playing works from his favourite composers such as Schubert and Brahms. He was also an avid outdoorsman who loved hiking, taking walks and mountain climbing into old age. Planck began his studies at University of Munich in 1874, but transferred just three short years to the University of Berlin in 1877. Planck completed his doctoral degree in July 1879 back at the University of Munich at the young age of 21. After completing his final dissertation in 1880, his career skyrocketed. He became a lecturer at the University of Munich and stayed there for five years before returning to his hometown of Kiel for a position as an associate professor at the University of Kiel. After seven years as an associate professor, Planck was finally promoted to a full professor at the University of Berlin in 1892. His physics lectures were highly regarded by many in the scientific community. Planck made no significant ripples in the scientific community after his discovery of photons in the early 1900’s. His famous discoveries, however, did lend him respect that earned him many opportunities such as serving as the president of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society from 1930 into 1937 and he was even given the chance to speak with Adolf Hitler about his opinions against Germany’s racial policies at the time. While it may have seemed like his life was full of success, and thus,...