Recidivism in American Women
Very little work has focused on studying recidivism by offenders after punishment and how prevention measures may improve recidivism rates and affect cooperation. “National recidivism rates are at an estimated amount of 73% and of the whole jail population 42.5% are women” (Berenji, 2014, p.131). As you can see about half of the inhabitants of the jails are women; so recidivism is an ongoing issue that needs to be solved. Recidivism is a growing distress in the U.S today, not only with men but women as well. Not many studies have been steered towards women reverting back to crime as there are men, but it is a concern. It is impossible to make this issue disappear fully, but with fundamental changes the statistics can drop. By facing this apprehension head on and analyzing all aspects such as the problem itself, causes, effects and the solutions will not only give a better understanding, but an idea of how to potentially diminish this issue.
There are many effects on the women who recidivate. The community, family members, and friends are included as well. “When females are released from jail or prison, the communities to which they return often are affected. Many of these women have been exposed to communicable diseases and have other medical, educational, and economic needs not adequately addressed during incarceration. With minimal resources available to former prisoners. The needs of women recently released often become the concern of nurses and other providers of social services” (Weiss et al., 2010, p.260-261). If the women who are incarcerated have needs that are unmet then you cannot expect them to be healed, and be better individuals who will never revert back to crime.
Many incarcerated women struggle with being addicted to drugs. Drug addiction should be a part of the numerous programs offered in jails so the women who are addicted can wean off the drugs and be healthy again. If the programs are not offered in the institutions they are very unlikely to seek help once they are released. By offering drug counseling or other options to get them off of the drug(s) of choice it will help them by starting a new chapter in their lives and taking the correct steps in redefining themselves into a better person.
Many see jail as a negative impact on the men and women who get sentenced while others view the jail experience differently. “Some participants found positive aspects of being in jail. You eat free, you sleep free, it forces you to face situations, and it gives you a chance” (Weiss et al., 2010, p.266-267). By having this mentality many women will reject treatment and just continue the pattern of being released and being committed back into prison.
Getting a job in this economy today is tough enough. Without having a high school degree, a prior record, no source of income and being single just adds fuel to the fire. “More than half of the women in prison are under age 30, are not high school...