2. How did the early Church continue Jesus’ prophetic ministry?
Luke depicts the characteristics of an ideal Church, composed of Christian fellowship, prayers, breaking bread (Eucharist) and the teachings of the Apostles. The topic that the church continues Jesus’ prophetic mission is told in Acts 1-2. After the dedication to Theophilus, Acts tells of the risen Lord appearing to and instructing the Apostles for forty days, during which time Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:1– 5). After Jesus tells the disciples to preach in Judea, Samaria, and everywhere else (“ to the very ends of earth”), we find a report of Jesus’ Ascension. Then, it talks about the first church in ...view middle of the document...
The usage of Lk 4: 18-19 shows his view on history in 3 stages:
Stage 1—Age of Promise: Jesus announces that “today” God’s covenant promises are being fulfilled. The Holy Spirit has singled him out to accomplish the Father’s plan. John the Baptist prepared people to welcome Jesus, but he remained part of the time of preparation, “I tell you, among those born of women, no one is greater than John; yet the least in the Kingdom of God is greater than he” (Lk 7:28).
Stage 2—The Time of Jesus: Jesus is the center of history. Guided by the Spirit, Jesus begins his preaching ministry in Galilee, proclaiming a message of salvation for all. His miracles prove the power of his message. He then resolutely turns his eyes toward Jerusalem and continues his work of salvation on his journey to the sacred city. Finally, he accomplishes his Paschal Mystery of love through his Passion, Death, and Resurrection in the city that kills its prophets.
Stage 3—The Age of the Church: Acts has been termed “the Gospel of the Holy Spirit” because time and again the Spirit empowers the early Christians to continue Jesus’ work until the Lord comes in glory. The disciples begin in Jerusalem, move outward to Judea and Samaria, and then eventually make it to Rome and the ends of the earth. Peter and Paul are highlighted as Spirit-inspired Apostles who continue Jesus’ work of spreading the Gospel.
Also, the presence of the Holy Spirit frequently occurs in Luke and Acts:
-Mary becomes the Mother of God through the power of the Holy Spirit (Lk 1:35).
-The Spirit moves the prophet Simeon to recognize the infant Jesus as the promised one (2:27).
-The Spirit descends on Jesus in the form of a dove (3:22).
-Jesus goes into the desert led by the Spirit (4:1) and emerges (4:14) to begin his public ministry preaching with power.
-Jesus prays full of power in the Spirit (10:21) and teaches us how to pray for the Holy Spirit (11:13).
The above-mentioned quotes shows the Holy Spirit leads and directs Jesus (along with his disciples and believers) in his own ministry.
6. Give some examples of the part women played in Luke–Acts. What does their inclusion say about Jesus and his teaching?
In the time when Jesus lived, women were looked upon as inferior to men, had no rights for education, possessed limited legal rights and no role in public...