Scarlet Fever Essay

1001 words - 5 pages

Scarlet Fever is an illness that can develop from strep throat and usually affects children between the ages of five to fifteen (Mayo Clinic, 2011). This disease is able to be controlled with the use of antibiotics, but only if it is recognized and interpreted correctly. When recognized by the combination of symptoms, medical help should be reached. If left untreated, scarlet fever could lead to many other complications throughout the body. Scarlet Fever was once a dangerous illness, but knowing and understanding the causes, symptoms, treatments and prevention methods has taken the fear away.
Scarlet fever can become of strep throat in children. It is caused by the streptococcus bacteria, ...view middle of the document...

When the glands of the neck begin swelling, the red rash grows and the fever rises to 102 degrees or above, it is necessary to immediately visit a doctor (Mayo Clinic, 2011).
When visiting the doctor, many people choose to create a list of questions to be sure they receive answers. Examples would be if they are contagious, if there is anything that could be done to help, and when they could return to school (Mayo Clinic, 2011). While the doctor is present, they will most likely take a swab of infected cells in the child’s cheek. This can be sent in to a lab to have an official check ran to ensure that the disease is scarlet fever. The doctor will be a more knowledgeable source to determine further answers for individual cases.
In general, treatments include several types of antibiotics. They may be instructed to be taken up to ten days. Aspirin should be avoided at all costs for children under the age of 20, as it could result in Reye’s syndrome, which could be possibly deadly (Benaroch, MD, 2013). To help soreness and the combined symptoms of strep throat, a fluid diet may be of assistance, as will a humidifier. “Include soothing teas and warm nutritious soups, or cool soft drinks, milkshakes, and ice cream. Make sure that the child drinks plenty of fluids,” (Klein, M.D., 2012). If scarlet fever is not properly treated, it could lead to further, serious complications (Benaroch, MD, 2013).
Further complications may include “bone or joint problems (osteomyelitis or arthritis), Ear infection (otitis media), inflammation of a gland (adenitis) or abscess, kidney damage (glomerulonephritis), liver damage (hepatitis), meningitis and pneumonia,” (Vorvick, MD, 2012). The bacteria could easily spread to the tonsils, sinuses, skin, blood and middle ear. These could easily cause any of the diseases listed above (Mayo Clinic, 2011). In order to prevent scarlet fever and it’s complications from occurring, precautionary measures may be taken.
Prevention methods could be as simple as...

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