Short Tutorial Report On Bias In History With Reference To The Korean Nationalist Paradigm.

1202 words - 5 pages

History & Knowledge .Is it possible to write history without bias? I will use an example of bias from Korean History as factual basis for my discussion, consider if bias really matters and if it can be overcome.What is Cultural Bias in History?(As opposed to personal bias)Cultural bias occurs where, 'a historical inference, description, or explanation is later found to be untrue or unfair, relative to the evidence available, because of a culture wide interest in information of one kind rather than another.'(p41) The example below is an instance of cultural bias because it formed the basic and accepted academic model for the interpretation of 20th Century Korean history. (Wells; pp.191,192) McCullagh's example of cultural bias is "white male history". (p.41)An Example from Korean History.Kenneth M. Wells writes that 20th Century Korean History has been interpreted largely using a nationalist framework. This framework leaves out a vast proportion of important information that does not fall under this area.(p197) In particular, he considers the circumstances of Korean Women in the early 1900's and argues these do fit under the auspices of Nationalism but not in a conventional sense. In Korean history it has often been assumed, '...that nationalism works on behalf of all and therefore it is in everyone's interest to work on behalf of nationalism.' (p192) But for Korean women, mainly confined to the private sphere, nationalism has offered little, they were wives first and then citizens. Even more significantly the nationalist cause was a hindrance to the women's movement because debate in the public sphere was diverted to nationalist issues, gender equality was considered secondary to the important task of gaining independence (from the Japanese) and because women's activities that were not nationalistic were considered "...irrelevant, frivolous, or anti-male..." (p218) So clearly the assumption was incorrect and this is an example of bias.Can Bias be Overcome?McCullagh argues that while cultural bias can be difficult to eradicate, most personal bias can be overcome. He rejects the idea that personal bias is inherent in all historical writings and claims that it can be overcome to a large extent through, not detachment, but commitment to 'standards of rational inquiry'(p.39). He suggests that peer review (p.55) and the continual criticism and cooperation of other historians will aid historians in this respect . (p.66)While I agree with him that peer review is a good system for ensuring accuracy and tackling personal bias, I do not think that this method comes even close to completely overcoming bias. Often bias is not noticeable and it is almost impossible to write something without it. Consider this example of bias in description. McCullagh argues that in order to be fair a description must include all of the important aspects of the subject. Providing an exhaustive description of the subject is one way to do this, but he dismisses it as...

Find Another Essay On Short tutorial report on Bias in History with reference to the Korean Nationalist Paradigm.

"Romantic Poetry is essentially a reading in history." Discuss in 1500 words with reference to any two poems by the Romantic poets, Wordsworth, Shelley and Blake

2022 words - 8 pages time in history, and it does refer to things, events or people outside itself. In august 1819 troops were sent in to dispel a large but peaceful demonstration for parliamentary reform on St Peter's Field in Manchester. Eleven people were killed and more than four hundred injured in an event which came to be known as the 'Peterloo Massacre'. Shelley, like the people who are killed, just wanted reform; therefore, this massacre was a great shock and

"There is always a moment in childhood when the door opens to let the future in." Discuss with reference to two stories from "Twenty One Short Stories" (Graham Greene)

517 words - 2 pages realizes the severity of his actions. In his room, he is 'haunted by the presence of God there on the chair'. What once was a lump of pulp, is now God, 'something of infinite value'. No fear could stop his belief, and his ultimate act of faith when he swallows the host, the body of Jesus. A child, who was indifferent about God, now realizes the value of the Host. This experience, this 'hint', led to his becoming of a priest.One can also see this

To What Extent was 'Sovietisation' imposed on Eastern Europe after 1945? Discuss with reference to at least two countries in the region - two countries referenced are Poland + Czechoslovakia

3112 words - 12 pages To What Extent was 'Sovietisation' imposed on Eastern Europe after 1945? Discuss with reference to at least two countries in the regionThe dominant conflict following the end of the Second World War was the hostility and competition between the Soviet Union and the West, in particular the United States. For decades the origins of this conflict, the cold war, has provided a basis for an enormous and varied histography. Central to any argument put

"With Reference to Primary and Secondary Sources, Critically Analyse the Reasons for the use of the Atomic Bomb on Japan in 1945"

2765 words - 11 pages paradoxically would save many Japanese lives too, simply by bringing the war to an end without a land invasion and occupation of Japan . The largest issue that extends from such an idea is that there would have to be an accurate figure for the number of soldiers and civilians that would die in the taking of the home islands; with particular reference to the main islands of Kyushu and Honshu. Surrounding this particular problem would be that estimates of

Discuss the place of phonics in the reading process with reference to the reading searchlights

2111 words - 8 pages DISCUSS THE PLACE OF PHONICS IN THE READING PROCESS WITH REFERENCE TO THEREADING SEARCHLIGHTS.Although obvious to state, the reading process is the process involved in reading, and more specifically for this essay, the process of learning to read. Debate on this topic is both wide ranging and long standing with one camp believing that word recognition is phonically based (i.e. reading begins with letters and their sounds) and the other camp

How does Spike Lees "Jungle Fever" adress stereotyping. Discuss with reference to the history of black cinema

1097 words - 4 pages of black director's success and the icon of populous black cinema. In dealing with social, racial and gender issues he always focused on controversial themes and grappled with clichés and stereotypes. On of his works, concerning these conditions, as well as its connections to early black cinema, is the subject in this paper.Jungle Fever is Spike Lee´s authentic look at the legend about sexual attraction between black and white. The

The History of Korean Art

1549 words - 6 pages autocratic monarchy tried to maintain close relationship with the court of Ming China and grand buildings, such as the 15th century Kyongbok Palace, were constructed in the new capital of Hanyang as an imitation of even grander Chinese Peking prototypes. In areas of painting, both the professional court artists and the upper-class painters relied heavily on Chinese themes and customs. Not until the 18th century did distinctively Korean styles

Analysis of the provision in your setting with reference to theory and guidance

1093 words - 5 pages This assignment will analyse the provision in a setting with reference to theory and guidance, using the National standards, the EYFS guidelines and OFSTED. I currently work in Tameside College Nursery as a Nursery Nurse. My job requires me to work with children between the ages of six months old and five years old as well as being responsible for a small group of children known as my key children. We have three rooms, Ladybird room, Caterpillar

With Reference to the four Kings in Macbeth discuss Shakespeare's view of Kingship

3311 words - 13 pages With Reference to the four Kings in Macbeth discuss Shakespeare's view of KingshipMacbeth was written and performed in 1606 at the time that James VI of Scotland came to the English throne as James I of England following the reign of Elizabeth I, thus forming the United Kingdom. This was at a time of great political upheaval and uncertainty in England and one particular issue was who Elizabeth's heir should be. Becoming king by divine right was

Critically discuss the celebrity phenomenon in an era of mass communication, with reference to relevant literature

2366 words - 9 pages BO8383Word Count 2403Critically discuss the celebrity phenomenon in an era of mass communication, with reference to relevant literatureIn modern times the public have become more and more concerned with the life of the celebrity. Endless newspaper headlines, magazine column inches and television documentaries detail celebrity ‘private’ life in order to fulfil public demand with an insight into the celebrity world. This essay will

People's positions in the world are shaped by discourse - With reference to face, power and solidarity

2218 words - 9 pages In many ways people's positions in the world are their positions in discourse, since the power to shape the world is to a large degree the power to shape how people talk about the world' (Johnstone). Discuss with reference to the categorisation of participants by each other and to the notions of face and power and solidarity.This essay chooses to look at the recent controversy surrounding the alleged racist row in TV's Big Brother house. The row

Similar Essays

With Reference To At Least Three Companies Of Your Choice, Critically Evaluate Dunning's Eclectic Paradigm As A Framework Explaining The Reasons Why Companies Engage In Foreign Direct Investment

3043 words - 12 pages stability.In regards to the political dimension of the host country, Royal Dutch Shell benefited from the changing attitude towards FDI in Russia, with the opening of oil and gas industries to foreign investment. This helped the company to overcome their depletion of production from 569 tonnes in 1988 to 305 in 1996 following the collapse of the Soviet Union (Hill pp228).The suitability of any OA depends rests on the strategy of the individual firm. Wal

Essay On Owen Marshall Short Stories Question: With Close Reference To Two Or More Short Stories By The Same Author, Identify And Illustrate His Or Her Particular Strengths

940 words - 4 pages Owen Marshall's short stories have many qualities which make them entertaining and , . interesting to read. The strengths in his writing include the use of familiar New Zealand childhood settings, his evocation of the painful transition from childhood to adolescence, a theme of many of his stories, and also his use of potent symbols which resonate through the stories.The stories I studied were all set in the small-town New Zealand landscape of

Discuss The Importance Of The 'mirror' In Psychoanalytic Terms With Reference To Lacan's Theory Of The Mirror Stage And Angela Carter's Short Story 'flesh And The Mirror'

1829 words - 7 pages reveal ourselves or live to other people or our own expectations because our unconscious is governing all that we have.In the study of literature, there are no signifieds (agreeing with Derrida); Lacan centres his attention on the relations between signifiers alone and says the elements in the unconscious (such as desires and images) form these signifiers, usually orally expressed, and these signifiers form a 'signifying chain'. This 'signifying

Assess The Impact Of The Invention Of Transistors On Society With Particular Reference To Their Use In Microchips And Microprocessors

406 words - 2 pages ; head office, between parents and young children away from home. Mobile phones allowed contact between people who don't have access to a landline phone.The development of robots having higher intelligence and cheaper cost is only possible with the extensive use of microprocessors. Robots are now used in large factories to do repetitive manual work once done by human beings.The development of bombs having very high accuracy has changed the value of