Social Classes, Prostitution And Jack The Ripper In The 19th Century England

1479 words - 6 pages

After the Age of Enlightenment in the mid 18th century in England, the tension between the social classes intensified even more. A huge gap generated between the aristocrats and the working class, but dozens of new layers of society appeared. While the rich lived to the fullest, the lower class starved and needed to find alternative ways of money making. Prostitution became more and more widespread, which lead to an inequality and social stratification between poor and rich and due to the economical crisis the number of prostitutes grew from year to year. Aristocrats and nobility looked down on the working class with judgement and disgust, and when prostitution became legalized in England after the Contagious Diseases Acts it made a big public controversy. Prostitution was not only judged and criticized by the upper class, but also kept in fear by the historical figure, Jack the Ripper.
In the 19th century prostitution became one of the most common ways of earning money because of the economical and industrial changes, which raised tensions between classes and became a major concern of the Victorian Era.
The 19th century began to accelerate social transformation, and then recognized the insightful thinkers to show the progress of equality in a democratic direction. The feudal societies of demographic change, the transformation of the economy, the spread of new ideas and the strengthening of the state power gradually transformed. More populous, agile and prosperous society was established which has consciously tried to eliminate the most blatant manifestations of human inequality. The new 19th century, which couldn’t be called democratic society yet, however, the assets, property and wealth has become increasingly important, and only secondarily from the birthright. During the 19th century England was transformed by the industrial revolution, by the start of the century the majority of the population still worked in agricultural related jobs, but the number of factory workers were a big part too. The new decade also brought a new Queen of the English, Queen Victoria, whose reign lead to major changes in the society. The old order in society was inequality, privileges and prerogatives. The lives of the people of the society were primarily based on their birthright, and the members of the social classes, especially the nobility or the upper class considered their rights and privileges naturally given. The massive shift of the British society, not only affected the people in the kingdom, but the world which was under the influence of Britain.
The term “class” in its modern sense was a creation of the 19th century after the revolutionary change which made a difference in society. Karl Marx came up with a new class system. Most of the population was the working class; the even poorer people who did struggle in their everyday basis, the lower middle-class who became the petit-bourgeois; shop owners or market clerks who sank bank from...

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