Social Victimization In Elementary Education Essay

1183 words - 5 pages

Parents and teachers do not fully understand the severity of social victimization by the bully in elementary education. The issue has been linked to poor academic performance, student’s committing suicide and even school shootings. The short term and long term effects on these young victims are countless. Parents and institutions must understand that quick and one-size-fits-all fixes will not address this issue completely. Education of this issue must be full spectrum, working from the bottom of the pyramid (the student), to the middle (the parent/teacher), to the pinnacle (the leaders in charge of running and developing the education systems).
Education of the problem starts with identifying that the general definition of a bully is someone who imposes unwelcome negative attention to another. Casebeer states that “bullying involves hostile behavior by one or more bullies who generally initiate the bullying with little or no provocation from the target but, while the goal of bullying varies, but it is generally used to gain power, prestige, or goods” (166). The three main types of bullying are verbal, physical and relational. Verbal bullying comes in the form of name calling and unwanted remarks. Physical bullying comes in the form of pushing, striking, kicking, and the use of anything to inflict physical harm. Verbal and physical bullying can and will be used together in order to inflict more damage to the victim. Relational bullying is agreed to be the most harmful to adolescent children in education. Relational bullying consists of the manipulation of relationships by individual bully’s and groups. Carter explains the “psychiatric correlates of bullying behavior include bipolar disorder; a lifetime of alcohol and marijuana use; nicotine dependence; conduct dis- orders; antisocial, paranoid, histrionic personality disorder; passive-aggressive disorders; and a family history of antisocial behavior” (157). Children with disabilities have a better chance of being victimized but, victims can range from students who are ranked less in a certain area (beauty, strength, IQ, etc.), or even students who are ranked higher in those same areas. The bully will victimize anyone when it provides satisfaction for their own particular mental situation. Variations in victimization being so vast there are numerous outcomes and effects to the victimized.
Students in enrolled in elementary school or middle school are in an important developmental stage of identity discovery. Bender, Brisson, Jenson and Willford argue that “during adolescent education students are establishing friendships and peer group identities and the changing nature of these relationships during these transitional periods have been associated with increases of bullying and peer victimization” (362). The mental stresses of being ostracized from rumor, belittled in public and being excluded from activity can leave students with severe mental trauma lasting for years. Effects ranging from...

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