Socialisation After Adolescence Essay

1702 words - 7 pages

Essay Summary
1) Adult socialization is a time of learning new roles and statuses.
2) Peer Groups are strong socializing agents for adolescents who are still trying to find their own identity.
3) Radio, television, cinema, newspapers, magazines, music, and the Internet are powerful agents of socialization.
4) The state almost shapes our life cycle.
5) School plays a major role in socializing adolescents. It is a place of education where the individual learns to socialize with both authority (teachers) and peers.
6) As parents of school-aged children, adults are confronted by a range of socialization forces from school.
7) As one moves out of adolescence new, tensions and agents of socialization affect the individual’s life namely, work, marriage and parenthood.

Socialization does not end after childhood. It is a life long process. In this essay, we will look at the most important agents of Socialization from adolescence onward. First, We will look at adult Socialization and Re-Socialization. We will also look at some important agents of Socialization such as mass media, school, peer groups, state and more.

Adult Socialization and Re-Socialization
Adult Socialization is a time of learning new roles and statuses. As Tischler cited, adult Socialization is different from primary Socialization. Adults become more aware that they are being socialised. They will actually do advanced education and on-the-job training. Adults also have more control over Socialization and therefore want to learn more or make the best of opportunities.

Re-Socialization as Tischler notes, “involves exposure to ideas or values that in one way or another conflict with what we learned in childhood. An example of Re-Socialization could be coming to university. This new environment has changed many people’s views. Many of the things their parents have taught them are now being re-analyzed. Re-Socialization can bring about changes in religion and political beliefs. For instance, one might convert from being catholic and become enlightened by new age values.

Peer groups
Peer Groups are strong socializing agents for adolescents who are still trying to find their own identity. The adolescent struggles with being a part of a group and being themselves. Peer groups usually consist of people of similar ages and social status.” The dictionary meaning of the word “peer” is: “and equal in civil standing, or rank, equal in any respect” (Datta A, 1984, 67).

It should be noted that gender differences in the peer groups do exist. As Schaefer and Lamm cited, males usually spend more time with a group of males whereas females seem to have a single close female friend (1994). These differences in emotional intimacy show that females have strong emotional ties and males prefer group activity.

Peer groups aid in letting the individuals gain independence from parents however most adolescents remain emotionally and economically dependent on parents (Schaefer RT...

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