Afghanistan has had various conflicts in it’s long history as a country. One of the most deadly and most interesting however is the Soviet-Afghan War, this war was going on during the time of shadow government operations, covert espionage, and the whole world watching, while two of the worlds biggest superpowers were on the brink of total nuclear war. This was the Soviet Afghan War.
The Soviet Afghan war was sparked when the overthrow of the centrist Afghan government occurred on the 27th of April 1978 by a coup of procommunist rebels. During this time much of Afghanistan was anti-communism. However over a period of time Afghanistan was becoming more and more communist. Before in 1978 Afghanistan was ruled by a very anti-communist ruler, President Sadar Mohammed Daoud who came to power in 1973. Earlier in April 1978 the murder of a leading Afghan communist leader most likely sparked the overthrow and murder of President Sardar. After the murder of President Sadar the stability of Afghanistan worsened and worsened. With Afghan Communist party leader Nur Mohammed Taraki taking over the Afghan government, and the signing of a 20-year “Friendship treaty” with the Soviet Union that increased the amount of Soviet military and economic assistance into the country, it was only a matter of time until Russians rolled into Afghanistan with Tanks, and troops. Finally in 1979 Taraki was overthrown and murdered, months later the soviet Afghan war began with Tanks crossing Afghan provinces and Russian troops setting up bases.
Around midnight on December 24, 1979, around 280 transport aircrafts and three divisions of almost 8,500 Russian soldiers landed in Kabul. One of the units included the decorated 40th Army from World War II, which was reformed specifically for the conflict. Within a few days the Soviet Forces had secured Kabul. A few more days later on December 27 the elite Soviet “Counter Terror” Unit Alpha Group along with other Elite Russian KGB units and Spentnaz troops (Russian equivalent to the CIA and Special Forces) led by Leonid Brezhev, a Soviet general launched Operation Storm-333. It was a covert operation where regular troops were to secure the Soviet Embassy, while the Russian Commandos cleared important governmental institutions in Kabul which was done in minutes. After the commandos sieged and took over the KHAD security headquarters and the Ministry of Defense they then continued to storm Tajbeg Palace and after a long half hour assault they assassinated President Halfizullah Amin along with his mistress and son. Orders then came down to the commandos that they were to execute all Afghan witnesses. The troops ended up following the order, but in the consequence of triggering a nine year war. The Afghan government was completely destroyed in just 43 minutes. A few months later President Jimmy Carter signed Operation Cyclone a...