Soviet Afghan War Essay

1679 words - 7 pages

Afghanistan has had various conflicts in it’s long history as a country. One of the most deadly and most interesting however is the Soviet-Afghan War, this war was going on during the time of shadow government operations, covert espionage, and the whole world watching, while two of the worlds biggest superpowers were on the brink of total nuclear war. This was the Soviet Afghan War.
The Soviet Afghan war was sparked when the overthrow of the centrist Afghan government occurred on the 27th of April 1978 by a coup of procommunist rebels. During this time much of Afghanistan was anti-communism. However over a period of time Afghanistan was becoming more and more communist. Before in 1978 Afghanistan was ruled by a very anti-communist ruler, President Sadar Mohammed Daoud who came to power in 1973. Earlier in April 1978 the murder of a leading Afghan communist leader most likely sparked the overthrow and murder of President Sardar. After the murder of President Sadar the stability of Afghanistan worsened and worsened. With Afghan Communist party leader Nur Mohammed Taraki taking over the Afghan government, and the signing of a 20-year “Friendship treaty” with the Soviet Union that increased the amount of Soviet military and economic assistance into the country, it was only a matter of time until Russians rolled into Afghanistan with Tanks, and troops. Finally in 1979 Taraki was overthrown and murdered, months later the soviet Afghan war began with Tanks crossing Afghan provinces and Russian troops setting up bases.

Daddario 2
Around midnight on December 24, 1979, around 280 transport aircrafts and three divisions of almost 8,500 Russian soldiers landed in Kabul. One of the units included the decorated 40th Army from World War II, which was reformed specifically for the conflict. Within a few days the Soviet Forces had secured Kabul. A few more days later on December 27 the elite Soviet “Counter Terror” Unit Alpha Group along with other Elite Russian KGB units and Spentnaz troops (Russian equivalent to the CIA and Special Forces) led by Leonid Brezhev, a Soviet general launched Operation Storm-333. It was a covert operation where regular troops were to secure the Soviet Embassy, while the Russian Commandos cleared important governmental institutions in Kabul which was done in minutes. After the commandos sieged and took over the KHAD security headquarters and the Ministry of Defense they then continued to storm Tajbeg Palace and after a long half hour assault they assassinated President Halfizullah Amin along with his mistress and son. Orders then came down to the commandos that they were to execute all Afghan witnesses. The troops ended up following the order, but in the consequence of triggering a nine year war. The Afghan government was completely destroyed in just 43 minutes. A few months later President Jimmy Carter signed Operation Cyclone a...

Find Another Essay On Soviet Afghan War

British Invasion of Afghanistan Essay

1152 words - 5 pages war and not much else. Fifteen years later the United States was at war with these same fighters, which it (the United States) had itself created through its funding of the madrassas and the fundamentalists. The 9/11 attacks on the United States were carried out by the same radical Islamists that the United States had nurtured and supported during the Soviet (Afghan) war years. Afghans want their country returned independent to the Afghan

Afghanistan’s Mujahideen Insurgency Between 1979 and 1989

1673 words - 7 pages world cuntries . Having support from many countries, especially the US as the super power give Afghanistan’s mujahideen big opportunity to win the war against Soviet. Furthermore, in case of internal support, mujahideen insurgent has most of Afghan population support, especially in the rural areas and this make Soviet hard to do its counter insurgency as experts such as David Galula and Roger Trinquier stated that “population centric” such as

Rights of Afghan Women Since the US Invasion

2110 words - 8 pages national religion of Islam and its tenets regarding women. Despite their advocacy for women’s rights, the Soviet Union as a whole was detrimental to the population, and civilians being tortured, arrested and killed was a common practice. Still harboring feelings of animosity towards the Soviets after the Cold War, the United States tried to free Afghan citizens from the ‘dire subjugation’ they faced under Soviet rule. Six months after the Soviet

Characteristic of Afghanistan Mujahideen Insurgency

1657 words - 7 pages .   References Andrei A. Doohovskoy 'Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Soviet Afghan War Revisited: Analyzing the Effective Aspects of the Counterinsurgency Effort ', (Harvard University ). Clark, Kate (1996), 'Talking to the Taliban: who are they? What do they want? All too often, we just label them "Islamists" and leave it at that. Kate Clark went to the fighters' heartland to find out.', new statesman, 135 (4801), 3. Dick, C J (2014), 'Mujahideen

Government in Afghanistan

914 words - 4 pages , governed by the Afghan Revolutionary Council. A third coup, the Soviet invasion, proceeded with installing a pro-soviet government in December 1979. This new constitution strengthened the power of the executive branch and allowed other parties to participate in government. The withdrawal of the Soviets caused the creation of Islamic-oriented Constitution in 1990, and soon the proclamation of Islamic State (Jurist Legal Intelligence). The last

Cold War

706 words - 3 pages Causes and Effects of the Cold WarThe Soviet-American combat, known as the "Cold War" hung heavy over global affairs for morethan forty long years; structuring the world with extensive military buildups, an unceasing nucleararms rivalry, intensive surveillance, and relentless technological emulations. Further elaboratedare the causes and repercussions of this menacing fracas drawn upon the world by the twosuperpowers; the United States of

Cold War

706 words - 3 pages Causes and Effects of the Cold WarThe Soviet-American combat, known as the "Cold War" hung heavy over global affairs for morethan forty long years; structuring the world with extensive military buildups, an unceasing nucleararms rivalry, intensive surveillance, and relentless technological emulations. Further elaboratedare the causes and repercussions of this menacing fracas drawn upon the world by the twosuperpowers; the United States of

Afghanistan Election

1612 words - 7 pages Afghanistan is traditional society that has multi ethnic deviations, different languages, and customs. That ruled by deferent governments such as: dictatorship, aristocrats, and autonomous rulers. Before democratic era Taliban govern Afghanistan, The Taliban are “freedom fighters” that during civil war in Afghanistan they came to power which ruled Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001it was an Islamic knowledge Movement. Taliban first emerged in

The Strategic Significance of a Secure Afghanistan to the United States

1486 words - 6 pages fought against Afghan insurgent groups called the Mujahideen. When the Soviets withdrew in 1989, warring factions of Mujahideen fighters clashed for power in Afghanistan. “In 1994, the Taliban emerged as a major force in the fight for control of war-torn Afghanistan...the Taliban wanted to wrestle control from the many entrenched warlords and to establish a religious society based around a strict interpretation of Sharia, or Islamic law

War On Terror

1261 words - 6 pages Mr. Trabaris War on Terror The rebels from Afghanistan against Soviet occupation formed a Muslim extremist group and called for a jihad in the 1990s. Young Osama bin Laben emerged as a war hero at this time and successfully founded a new organization named al-Qaeda, later known as a terrorist base of operations. On September 11, 2001, under the coordination of al-Qaeda, four passenger airliners were hijacked by 19 trained Muslim terrorists and

The Role Ronald Reagan Had in ending the Cold War

2320 words - 9 pages conclusions that “enhance and protect US interests” (NSDD 75). Negotiations, exploitation of vulnerabilities, US military build-up, promotion of SDI, ending of communist control in Grenada, helping of countries under Soviet rule resist communism, and helping of Afghan rebels successfully ended the Cold War (The Crusader). E. Conclusion In conclusion, I believe that the answer to the question of how Ronald Reagan ended the Cold War is a combination

Similar Essays

Soviet Afghan War Essay

1129 words - 5 pages When the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on December 1979, the goal was to help Afghan communist forces set up a communist government. The Soviet Union felt Afghanistan had key resources and a foothold in the Middle East to spread communist ideas. The result would be a war that the Soviet Union wishes it never got involved in and likened to their “Vietnam War”, meaning winning a number of battles but not the war like what happened to the U.S

Afghan Soviet War Essay

1589 words - 6 pages the governments of neighboring countries against Afghanistan"(Tamarov 52). Thus, with these extremely vague goals and limited military planing time, the Soviet people were cast into a bloody war that would last for nine years, one month, and eighteen days. The war took the lives of 55,000 Soviet citizens and did not result in the desired victory for the government. War wasn't the only problem for the Afghan people, it was the terrorist

The Afghan Soviet War Essay

1109 words - 4 pages © Sajad Bahram Yr 12: Afghan-Soviet War "War puts nations to the test. Just as mummies fall to pieces the moment that they are exposed to the air, so war pronounces its sentence of death on those social institutions that have become ossified."Karl MarxOn December 24th 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. On that day began a war which wreaked incredible havoc and destruction on Afghanistan for 10 long years. The Soviets stormed in

The Soviet Afghan War Essay

1886 words - 8 pages The Soviet-Afghan War ( 1978-1989)During the 1970s, communism and nationalism experienced a thundering expansion. The sovereign states of Indochina become exponents of the Soviet Block, while in South America and Africa, the socialist ideology gains even more ground, sparking a pronounced revolutionary climate. The United States does little to unify the western world, while the Soviet Union finances revolutionary cells in Japan, the democratic