Sparta And Athens Essay

691 words - 3 pages

World Civilization test 1) Compare and contrast the political, social, and economic institutions of Sparta and Athens up to about 500BCE. Why did they have a conflict? Sparta and Athens both had a unique way of life. But both cities also shared much in common. They both sought after the same goal: to conquer Greece and obtain true power.Because Sparta was becoming vastly populated, the Spartans had no choice but to conquer their neighbors to the west, the Messenians. This became known as the first Messenian war. The Spartans took total control over the Messenians. They renamed them as serfs or helots. Basically the Spartans were using the Helots as slaves. Now that they had obtained a large amount of land, there was no need for the Spartans to tend to the landscapes themselves. But the Helots eventually rebelled against the Spartans and started the second Messenian War. This war was fought over an extensive period of time. It threatened the existence of the Spartan empire. The Spartans were forced to change their lifestyle immediately. They thus chose to conform to a militaristic society.Upon birth, the ruling officials of the state designated which child, whether it be male or female, would be physically suitable to survive. At the age of seven, the boys are taken away from their mothers and are turned over to instructors that teach and train them in athletics and military arts. The boys were trained how to survive against pain and to survive on only the bare essentials. Stealing was instilled in them as a necessity. At the age of twenty, the Spartan boys are enrolled in the Spartan Military. They were allowed to marry, but had restrictions to what they were capable to do with their spouse. They young men were kept in the barracks until they reach the age of thirty. They were only allowed to leave the military at the age of sixty. The females were trained in gymnastics and had been allowed to...

Find Another Essay On Sparta And Athens

Athens and Sparta: Classic Civilizations Essay

1374 words - 5 pages Athens & Sparta. Athens for the way they revolutionized government in a city and Sparta for their one of a kind military and tactics. The creation of a democratic government by Athens has to be considered classic because it is still used today and it was created nearly 2500 years ago. The parts of the Athenian government that is still being used today include ; being 18 years old to vote, voting in districts, representation by population, council

Lycurgus in Sparta and Solon in Athens

1404 words - 6 pages every person had a fair chance at advancement and participation in government built on merit and wealth. Lycurgus and Solon both modified their city through political, social, and economic reformations to alleviate social injustice. Politically, Lycurgus instituted elders in Sparta and Solon based political power on wealth in Athens as an attempt to alleviate social injustices. Lycurgus intended to make Sparta a more just and equal city as he

Differences and Similarities of The Women of Athens and Sparta

2439 words - 10 pages Women in the ancient world had few rights, they differed from country to country or, in the case of the women of Athens and Sparta, from city-state to the city-state. The women of the city-states of Athens and Sparta had profound differences in their roles in the political and the daily lives of their families and their cities. When it came to the difference in levels of power and the rights of women, Sparta was a leader in its time. At the

Effects Of The Persian Wars On Sparta And Athens

337 words - 2 pages Athens was one of the only Greek cities among that had importance. It could not compare with Sparta in power, prestige, or even in art. The only success that belonged to Athens was its Navel. This would all change after the Persian Wars.Persia was the greatest empire that the ancient world had yet seen. It had grown into a stronger empire through the reigns of Cyrus, Cambyses, and Darius. Just before Darius's death the Ionian cities revolted

The Two Great Cities of Greece: Sparta and Athens

1319 words - 6 pages The two great cities of Greece - Sparta and Athens, have adapted similar, yet different laws that shaped them differently. Although Lycurgus was the first lawgiver of Sparta, little is known about his history today as he is overlooked because of the other great known heroes from Sparta. Lycurgus took the first step towards law making that dealt with inequality and injustice, and brought relief among the Leconian citizens. He was seen as a

Athens vs. Sparta- Compare and contrast the two cities of Ancient Greece

685 words - 3 pages Greece a country united by its name, but divided by its ways. Although Sparta and Athens were both Greek cities, their societies were different. Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athenian daily life revolved learning and knowledge. When Spartan boys were being trained for an army, Athenian boys were being trained for life.Sparta was a city-state based on strict military ruling. Lives of Spartans revolved around military

Discusses Athens and Sparta in ancient times. Fights and government plus more. How both city-states resemble the US

578 words - 2 pages refer to their developments in the arts and politics as a "Golden Age."After reading that most would be surprised to learn that between 480 and 324 B.C., Athens won more events in Olympic competition! Sparta and Athens each had totally different societies and governments. It's amazing how both city-states didn't collapse for a long time and how one didn't take over the other one.When comparing societies of Athens and Sparta, they are totally

Comparison of Athens and Sparta. Focuses on differences between the two city states i.e. Spartan militarism vs. Athenian arts, literature, culture

1545 words - 6 pages the Greekcity-states to unite, the Greeks were able to leave a long-lasting mark on western civilization.The two principle city states in Greece were Athens and Sparta. The two cities had littlein common. Sparta, located on the Peloponnesus was a militaristic society, which prided itselfabove all and foremost in its army, while Athens, which lay northeast of the Peloponnesus, was acenter of art, philosophy, architecture, and theater.The importance

Athens vs. Sparta

1620 words - 6 pages Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The focus of the times was directed towards military capabilities, while the Athenians were more interested in comfort and culture. It was the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as its first priority

Athens vs. sparta

1142 words - 5 pages Athens Vs. Sparta Athens and Sparta were both City-states in Greece in ancient times, yet they had no social similarities. They were constantly at war, and at one time at a stalemate. They existed in the same time and place, but had totally different views on life and lifestyles. There were differences in the family life of people and paradigm of Athenians and Spartans.Sparta was Drastically unlike Athens and all other city-states in this aspect

Sparta vs. Athens

2405 words - 10 pages Compare and contrast a prominent political and cultural element of the Athenian and Spartan poleis and how this was reflected by the Athenian Army at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC and the 300 Spartan hoplites at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. The cultures of two of the most prominent Greek poleis, Athens and Sparta, were demonstrated first in the Athenian battle at Marathon against the Persian Empire in 490 BC, in which the Athenians

Similar Essays

Sparta And Athens Essay

757 words - 4 pages In 500 BC, the two most powerful cities in Greece were Athens and Sparta. Athens was on the sea. Its citizens had the ability to explore, trade and form relationships with other city states in Greece. Sparta was more secluded and kept to itself. Though they were both of the same country, spoke the same language and worshipped the same Gods, these cities differed largely in many ways. Both Athens and Sparta formed a government that consisted of

Athens And Sparta Essay

1773 words - 8 pages The cities of Athens and Sparta were two cities located in Greece that both had their own way of running their cities but both had a common goal of being the superior of Greece. Athens is the largest in Greece. The city was founded by Theseus and has been occupied by people for approximately 3,000 years. They were the leading city of Ancient Greece and have been recognized as a major contributor to western civilization. The city is very

Athens And Sparta Essay

824 words - 3 pages someone; this allowed them to prevent any returns of tyrants.Sparta brought four villages together formed a polis. They were a dual monarchy with two royal families and thus two lines of succession. Capacity usually determined which two kings had more influence. Neither was superior to the other which led to political confusion. Sparta was more militarized than Athens and made every full citizen a professional soldier. Sparta’s citizens were

Differences Between Athens And Sparta Essay

769 words - 3 pages Differences between Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta are two city-states in ancient Greece. Athens had a busy port, ships passed the land. At the agora, you could hear people arguing and chatting, you can also see people with their slaves walking around and shopping, there were sculptors sculpting with great pleasure. A typical day in Athens was just going to the agora with your slave and shopping and going to the hill for the assembly