Supreme Court History Essay

803 words - 3 pages

In 1789, the final draft of the constitution of the United States came into effect. In article three it calls for "[t]he judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." In the article it neither says the duties, powers, or any organization of the supreme court. If left this up to congress and to the justices of the court itself for these details.
     The very first bill introduced in the United States Senate was the Judiciary Act of 1789, led by Connecticut's Oliver Ellsworth. It divided the country in 13 judicial districts. They were further organized into the Eastern, Middle, and Southern circuits. The 1789 Act called for the Supreme Court to consist of a Chief Justice and only five Associate Justices, and for the Court to meet in the Nation's Capital.
     President Washington nominated John jay as the first Supreme Court chief justice.
The Supreme Court was first called to assemble on Feb. 1, 1790, in the Merchants exchange Building in New York City, then the Nation's Capital. Justice Jay happened to be a day late to the first day of court due to transportation problems. I suppose his horse threw a shoe? The Supreme Court spent its first session organizing itself and determining its own powers and duties. The new Justices heard and decided their first actual case in 1792.
     Lacking any specific direction from the Constitution, the new U.S. Judiciary spent its first 10 or so years as the weakest of all three branches of the government. The early federal courts failed to issue strong opinions or even take on controversial cases. The Supreme Court was not even sure if it had the power to consider the constitutionality of laws passed by Congress.
This situation seemed to have changed drastically in 1801 when President John Adams appointed John Marshall of Virginia to be the fourth Chief Justice. Confident that nobody would tell him not to, Marshall took clear and firm steps to define the role and powers of both the Supreme Court and the judiciary system. This is something that seemed to have gone unnoticed so far.
The Supreme Court, under John Marshall, defined itself with its historic 1803 decision in the case of Marbury v. Madison. In this single landmark case, the Supreme...

Find Another Essay On supreme court history

Supreme Court Cases Essay

1211 words - 5 pages -incrimination' are followed." Supreme Court case 26 pg. 69 (info you provided) Bibliography Brown Vs. Board of education Plessy Vs. Ferguson Ex Parte Milligan Miranda Vs. Arizona Mapp Vs. Ohio

Supreme Court Justices Essay

1257 words - 6 pages ., n.d. Web. 16 January 2014. . "PLYLER v. DOE." PLYLER v. DOE. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 January 2014. . "Supreme Court Cases [Summary)." Supreme Court Cases (Summary). N.p., n.d. Web. 16 January 2014. . "The Supreme Court Historical Society - Timeline of the Court - Abe Fortas." Supreme Court History. N.p., n.d

Electing Supreme Court Justices

1316 words - 5 pages customary impeachment of the President and select other political leaders, the impeachment of a Justice signifies nothing more than the investigation of accused actions of said Justice. The Justice shall serve for life, given that they remain in “good behavior” in accordance to the Constitution. Gathering from the history of the Supreme Court and its respective Justices, one impeachment, ending without dismissal, in the 221 years of activity is

Unelected Supreme Court Justices

1112 words - 4 pages of the people’s. The Judiciary is supposed to protect and interpret the constitution and federal laws, not to create new policy for everyone to follow; history has shown what it takes to overcome the inadequacy of unelected Supreme Court Justices. Works Cited Greene, Jamal. “Term Limits for Federal Judges.” New York Times. 8 July 2012. Meese, Edwin. "The Imperial Judiciary—And What Congress Can Do about It." Hoover Institution. Stanford University, 1 Jan. 1997. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.

The United States Supreme Court

1975 words - 8 pages local, state, and federal governments and horizontally among the branches of the national government. Because the whole thing is controlled by a written constitution that states general rules to guide and control those who exercise power. There is a need for someone to see that the rules are interpreted and followed.Early in the country's history the Supreme Court assumed the role of referee, or overseer, not only to declare definitively what the

Supreme Court and Affirmative Action

1617 words - 7 pages enrollment since the implementation of the Proposition (Walsh3). When taking into consideration the long list of facts and procedural history leading to the Supreme Court case at hand, there are many things to consider. Does the proposition actually violate the Fourteenth Amendment? Bill Schuette does not think so. In fact, he argues that the proposition does not form a racial classification simply because it prohibits the State from classifying based

Supreme Court and Women's Rights

1936 words - 8 pages Court. (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2014, from Offe, C. (2013). Roe v. Wade and Beyond. Dissent (00123846), 60(1), 54-59. Roe v. Wade (1973). (2014). In American History. Retrieved April 21, 2014, from Roe v. Wade and the Right to Abortion. (2013, January 18). Retrieved April 21, 2014, from Supreme

Judicial Process of the Supreme Court

1167 words - 5 pages Supreme Court voted segregation unconstitutional. Acceptance of the doctrine “separate but equal,” (pg.323) indicated that public law and the policy under the Warren Court was required to end “racial segregation in public education.” (pg.323) However, the aftermath of the Supreme Court decision changed the course of History in the United States when the rights of African Americans were openly accepted to all Americans who disregarded blacks

The Supreme Court and Personal Civil Rights

1224 words - 5 pages I. "Our constitution is colorblind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens. In respect of civil rights, all citizens are equal before the law.” – Justice John Harlan, in his dissenting opinion in the case Plessy v. Ferguson. (History of Brown v. Board of Education) The US Supreme Court has evolved to promote new personal civil rights for African-Americans, ultimately creating a more racially equal society. II. The first way that

The Supreme Court and Civil Rights

1147 words - 5 pages till the 1900’s for the Supreme Court to get out of the “ideology of white supremacy and the practice of racism,” (Smith). Though the decisions of the Supreme Court were not all that appreciated in the beginning, following the 20th century the court really facilitated in the advancements of civil rights. The Supreme Court was known for some of the most notorious decisions made in history, many in which included the cases, Marbury v. Madison, Scott

The Supreme Court Opinions of Clarence Thomas

1805 words - 7 pages injection after the Supreme Court rejected a last-minute stay (Connor). Justice Thomas history of silence is unique and with the help of Toobin’s book it is possible to understand exactly how these instances and strict conservative perspectives have had an effect on the running of the Supreme Court in a time where many support more liberal and progressive views of the law. In the book, Justice Thomas is described as having “embraced and alternative model

Similar Essays

The Judicial Branch And Its Supreme Court History

1301 words - 5 pages people began to respect the Supreme Court and its policies. It was also during this case history was made. For the first time, the Supreme Court turned down a federal decision. John Marshall stood his ground and said that if the law was not consistent with the constitution, it was the courts duty to make its ruling based on the constitution.In the late 1800's the U.S Supreme Court went through some drastic changes. Its social barrier began to

U.S History And Government: Landmark Supreme Court Cases

988 words - 4 pages Napoleon Bonaparte once said,"History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon." This straightforward quote can be associated to the Supreme Court and their decisions affecting our US History today. Supreme Court decisions become the "law of the land" and, as such have far-reaching consequences for American society. The Court tells us, through their interpretation of the Constitution the meaning of our protections and

Ap Us History Paper On Brown V. Board Of Education Of Topeka, Kansas Supreme Court Case

1253 words - 5 pages Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas Supreme Court CaseThe Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas Supreme Court case in 1954 revolved around the issue of equality between black and white children in segregated schools. It was the result of a long-standing legal campaign carried on by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Legal Defense Fund (LDF), to resolve the effects of Jim Crow laws

A Brief History Of The Us Supreme Court

1044 words - 5 pages John Jay took his vows on October 19, 1789. John Rutledge took both pledges in open court on August 12, 1795. Oliver Ellsworth took both vows in open court at the sitting of the Supreme Court of the United States on March 8, 1796. John Marshall took his promises on February 4, 1801. Roger B. Taney took both promises of office on March 28, 1836. Salmon P. Pursue took both vows on December 15, 1864. Morrison R. Waite took both promises on