A Surrogate Mother is defined as “an adult woman who enters into an agreement to bear a child conceived through assisted conception for intended parents.”
The couple is usually referred to as intended parents who enter into an agreement providing that they will be the parents of a child born to a surrogate through assisted conception, using an egg or sperm of at least one parent.
1 RIGHT - Surrogate motherhood is a right entitled to those who are ready and able to take on the responsibility of parenthood. Surrogate mothers fills a fundamental human longing. Procreation is a primitive instinct, and to many people it is devastating not to be able to become parents Surrogate motherhood is a solution to this age-old problem. Even in the bible, Abraham and Sarah resorted to a "surrogate mother" that produced their son Ishmael.
2NEED – Surrogate motherhood fills a need for infertile couples. 2.4 million infertile married American couples. It is estimated that one in six couples are affected by some degree of infertility. Many people are marrying later and are delaying having children. After age 45, about 95% of women are unable to conceive on their own. Surrogate mothers also fill the need for non-traditional families including the gay and lesbian population as well as single heterosexuals.
ISSUES OF COMMERCIAL SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD
Although compensation might not be the main motive for surrogacy, by making compensation illegal, it may decrease the amt. of surrogates available
Some people may refer to surrogate motherhood as “baby selling” but surrogate mothers are not selling the child – they are just providing a service
Medical Ethics professor at University of Texas stated, “ Baby selling is you have a born child that is sold to another person. Here we’re talking about agreements made before conception has even occurred where there is no existing child. Secondly, the genes, in the case of gestational surrogacy, are being provided by the couple that is hiring the surrogate, thus, in a sense, it is their genetic child.”
-the fee paid to the surrogate mother is not for the baby – it compensates her for her time and effort, initiating and carrying the pregnancy, giving birth, accepting the risks of pregnancy and childbirth (pain, depression, sleep disturbances), and possible loss of employment opportunities
This $$ is often times seen as a gift to reciprocate the surrogate’s generocity.
Most people don’t realize most surrogates are gestational carriers only who are paid by an agency and who carry in the infertile couple’s child for them. If you question the ethics of this, then you must also question foster mothers who are paid by the state to take care of children like they were their own.
Since most surrogate mothers are required to have had at least 1 successful childbirth, their surrogacy fee is usually spent on their own children, home improvement, or related expenses, and not on themselves.
Some people may argue about a...