Children learn from their environment and the people that surround them. Children learn through imitating and mimicking what they see around them. They use these skills to problem solve, regulate their behavior, help in memorizing and remembering and also to structure their thinking and concept formation (Siegler & Alibali, 2005, p. 138). There are several theories based on this concept. Lev Vygotsky is one theorist that used social interaction as one of the main approaches to social learning and performed extensive research on exposing children to social and cultural experiences. Children use their prior experiences, interaction with their parents and peers, as well as their siblings, and other adults to develop their social cognition as well as identify who they are in the world.
Social cognition is the belief that children learn from their environment and social experiences as a way of learning and developing. Children are born immediately learning to take cues from their caregivers, and mimic what they see and hear. A child’s family is their first social group and they begin to learn how to get their needs met by communicating. Children learn how to behave and develop their beliefs based on their social exposure. Their brain development begins in infancy crated by the amount of external stimulus they have around them.
The sociocultural theories are based on growth, physical, social, psychological, cultural, emotion, spiritual and cognitive development in becoming self-sufficient and independent beings (Lavery & Reet, 2001). The stages of the social theories are based on the child’s age, their environment, and how they interact with their caregiver. The theories studied follows the concepts that the more opportunities the child is exposed to socially, the better-rounded the child will be, and will be more competent individuals and socially successful. The child’s physical growth is also determined by their social exposure. Each stage of the sociocultural theories applies that as a child matures cognitively; the growing bodies follow the same path. Their motor skills develop in infancy as they begin to explore the world. Toddlers develop through play and social exposure. A preschool aged child develops through imaginary play and begins to understand the role they play in their environment. In adolescents, they grow as they hit puberty and explore sexual changes in their body through social development.
One theorist studied social cognition in children. Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory has researched the idea that children learn based on their experiences and what they are exposed to. Children are not less sophisticated, just under developed. The theory suggests that human develop their social cognition based on the individual’s ability to think and reason is the result of a structured and organized social process. Vygotsky’s social interactionist theory is the belief that humans begin life as social beings (Laverty & Reet, 2001). From birth,...