Test Essay

1020 words - 5 pages

Argentina and Britain have always had mild tension between them almost since the the independence of Argentina, this main cause of tension has always been over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands.

Britain first claimed sovereignty of the Islands in 1765 alongside France around approximately the same time, however France transferred it’s settlements to Spain in 1767. Britain left their settlement on the Island in 1774 but claimed they never relinquished sovereignty. Spain also abandoned their settlement later in 1811. (BBC News , 2013)

In 1820 an Argentine merchant, Luis Vernet, tried to established commercial settlements on the islands. These settlements were not officially claimed by Argentina until 1828, when Luis Vernet submitted his proposal for official recognition of his commercial settlement on Malvinas to become an Argentine colony. The Argentine government, shortly after receiving the proposal, declared their claim to the islands. (Lorton, 2012)

In 1833 the first conflict between Britain and Argentina occurred in regards to the islands. Britain had returned to islands to expel the Argentine garrison, the British removed the Argentine flag flying on the island and sent it back with their men to the mainland with a message, “the British had found, a foreign flag in the territory of His Majesty.“ (Lorton, 2012, p.g 151). The Argentine settlers on the Island were allowed to remain alsong as the accepted British rule, however most settlers left gradually after. Since then, British settlers have become the first permanent population. (BBC News, 2013)

Argentina since then has maintained its sovereignty over the islands, however tensions were mainly low over the dispute, it wasn’t until the 1960s that Argentina began to more aggressively assert their claims. (BBC News, 2013) In 1965 tensions came to high when Argentina, through many appeals to the UN, managed to get the UN to note the existence of the dispute between Argentina and Britain over the islands (Lorton, 2012) The UN General Assembly agreed that their was a dispute in regards over the Islands. the General Assembly noted that resolution 1514, to remove colonialism and all its forms from the modern world, applied to the Falkland Islands case. The UN recommended immediate negotiations between Argentina and Britain to resolve the case. (UN General Assembly, 1965)

On the 2 April 1982 the dispute came to it’s largest conflict yet. After years of on and off failed talks between the two nations caused Argentina escalated the situation, Argentina sent their military to forcefully take the Islands. Britain responded quickly, sending a military force to recapture the Islands. The war was brief and concluded on the 14 June 1982 with Argentine defeat. In the conflict 655 Argentine died and 255 British. (BBC News, 2013) Diplomatic relationships between the two countries did not resume until 1990.
The dispute once again come into tension in 2009 when Britain rejected all requests for talks...

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