The Atomic Bomb Essay

1402 words - 6 pages

In this paper, it will be discussed why the Atomic Bomb is
the biggest method of destruction known to man. The paper
will be discussing the results of the Atomic Bombs, along
with the effects years after the initial explosion. People
always wonder how many people actually died in the two
Atomic Bombs which were dropped in Japan. This question
will be answered, along with the method that citizens were
actually killed by the bomb. Besides the initial blast winds
that an Atomic Bomb gives off, people may be killed by
several other things including heat rays, radiation and the
implosion of their home.

Robert S. Oppenheimer, was the father of the Atomic
Bomb. After Albert Einstein stated that if the Nazi’s made a
nuclear weapon first, the results would be devastating. Due
to this, Oppenheimer decided to race to develop such a
weapon, before the Nazi’s. On August 6, 1945, the first
Atomic Bomb used in warfare, was dropped on Hiroshima,
Japan. U.S. President, Harry Truman ordered the dropping
of the Atomic Bomb, on what he reported would only
destroy military bases. The devastation turned out to be
nothing like anybody had ever seen before. On August 2,
1945 "20th Air Force attacks targets in Japan on 6th
August. Primary Target…Hiroshima…". At this point, only
the direct order of President Truman could stop the
dropping of the bomb. As it turned out, Truman thought
nothing of the sort. His intention was to bomb Hiroshima,
and nothing was going to stop him. The bomb which was
dropped on Hiroshima was nicknamed "Little Boy" Three
days later, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
The bombing of Nagasaki completely wiped out the northern
part of the city. The nickname for this bomb was called "Fat
Man".

There are a few reasons why these two cities each have
different nicknames. The Nagasaki bomb did not destroy as
much as the Hiroshima bomb, nor did it kill as many people.
So then why is the Nagasaki bomb called the "Fat Man" and
the Hiroshima bomb called "Little Boy". The "Fat Man" was
made of plutonium and consisted of twenty-two kilotons of
TNT. As for the "Little Boy", it was made of uranium, and
was made up of only thirteen kilotons of TNT. Even though
the Hiroshima bomb was not made up to do even near the
amount of damage as the Nagasaki bomb, it turned out that
did more damage. The reason for this is because, the
geographic location of Nagasaki, with its mountainous terrain
prevented it from doing the same amount of destruction as in
Hiroshima.

In the two bombings there was a large gap in the number of
people that died. In Hiroshima the city population at the time
of the bombing was 310,000, The estimated deaths was
90,000-140,000 people. As for the Nagasaki bombing, the
city population before the bombing was 250,000. The
estimated number of deaths was 60,000-80,000 people.
Notice that the word, "estimated", was used for both
amounts of deaths. The...

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