U.S. History 3
3 April 2014
The Battle of Anzio
The 1940’s was a time of great conflict between the United States and Europe. This led to World War II, which began on June 14th, 1940 when German troops were sent to France to occupy Paris (Nash 500). Before the United States entered World War II many conflicts erupted throughout Europe such as the advancement of German troops into various countries (Nash 501-502). The main source of these conflicts was a man by the name of Adolf Hitler. Hitler was a power hungry man who had the drive to become a political leader (Nash 492). But, the ways by which he obtained leadership were repulsive. He struck fear into the eyes of those in which opposed his teaching and killed whoever stood in his way (Nash 493). Germany faced troubling times after World War I. Hitler looked at this as the perfect opportunity to rise to power. He turned a party that consisted of a small amount of workers into the National Socialist German Workers’ party, which later became known as the Nazi party. During the 1920s, Hitler performed many speeches in order to make the Nazi party better known. In his speeches he talked about eliminating the differences between the rich and poor in order to prevent divided social classes. This made his party strong, attractive, and it quickly gained many supporters (Nash 494). By August 1934, Hitler became the Dictator of Germany and began mass takeover of Europe and World War II began (Nash 495). It was at this point when he began mass takeover of Europe and World War II began (Nash 500). He sent Nazi troops to take over nearby land, which made neighboring countries nervous. One of these countries, Russia, made a non-aggression pact with Hitler as a way to try to protect their country. Even though Hitler accepted these treaties, he later broke them (Nash 501). The inconsiderate and insidious schemes of Hitler caused the United States to enter into World War II on December 7th, 1941 (Nash 508). In order to strategically secure the freedom of countries taken over by Nazi’s, the United States planned many battles and operations. One of these was the Battle of Anzio, also known as "Operation Shingle" ("The Anzio Landing"). Although the Battle of Anzio played a part in the advancement of the Allies into Europe, its success came with a great tragedy.
Before the beginning of the Battle of Anzio, the Allied Powers, which consisted of Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United states, were discussing the most effective way to enter Europe. They were originally going to enter through Russia but it would have been too risky to enter a country with such freezing cold weather. It was then decided to land in North Africa and travel to Morocco and Algeria. So in November of 1942, American and British troops set out to do just that. When they arrived, they were led by General Erwin Rommel and fought against the German Tank division. After this, they continued East to El...